Quick answer
"Cost" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "costar", and "expense" is a noun which is often translated as "el gasto". Learn more about the difference between "cost" and "expense" below.
cost(
kast
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be valued at)
a. costar
The computer costs $2,000.La computadora cuesta $2,000.
b. valer
How much do these shoes cost?¿Cuánto valen estos zapatos?
2. (to cause to lose)
a. costar
Your mistakes are costing us our reputation.Tus errores nos cuestan la reputación.
3. (commerce)
a. calcular el costo de
I'd like you to cost the whole project.Quisiera que calcularas el costo de todo el proyecto.
b. presupuestar
I need a new gate. Could you cost it?Necesito un portón nuevo. ¿Me lo puede presupuestar?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (price)
a. el costo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The cost of beans went up this fall.El costo de los frijoles subió este otoño.
b. el coste
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Labor costs rose 1.5% in the second quarter of last year.Los costes laborales subieron 1,5% en el segundo trimestre del año pasado.
c. el precio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cost of oil has gone down.El precio del petróleo ha bajado.
5.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(disadvantage)
a. el costo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The benefits of the deal outweigh the costs.Los beneficios del negocio superan los costos.
costs
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (legal)
a. las costas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The plaintiff was ordered to pay costs. El demandante fue condenado a pagar las costas.
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expense(
ehk
-
spehns
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (finance)
a. el gasto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We can't afford the expense of staying in a hotel for a whole week.No podemos permitirnos el gasto de quedarnos en un hotel una semana entera.
b. el costo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We hadn't budgeted for the additional expense of replacing the whole roof.No habíamos contado con los costos adicionales en el presupuesto para reemplazar el techo.
c. el coste
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Going to university can be a significant expense.Ir a la universidad puede suponer un coste importante.
expenses
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
2. (finance)
a. los gastos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The company will cover any travel expenses incurred by interviewees.La compañía pagará los gastos de viaje incurridos por los candidatos.
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