Quick answer
"Contend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "afirmar", and "assert" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "afirmar". Learn more about the difference between "contend" and "assert" below.
contend
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to state)
a. afirmar
The tenant contends that the landlord promised her the use of a parking space.La inquilina afirma que el casero le prometió el uso de un sitio para estacionar.
b. sostener
The CEO contended that he had no knowledge of the impropriety that had taken place.El jefe de la empresa sostuvo que no tenía ningún conocimiento de la impropiedad que había ocurrido.
c. argüir
I will continue to contend that I am not responsible for the damage.Seguiré arguyendo que no soy responsable por el daño hecho.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to compete for; used with "for")
a. competir
The boxers are contending for the heavyweight championship.Los boxeadores están compitiendo por el título de campeón mundial de peso pesado.
b. disputarse
Dennis and Wendy are contending for the condo that will be available soon.Dennis y Wendy se están disputando el apartamento que se hará disponible pronto.
3. (to handle; used with "with")
a. enfrentarse
We'll have to contend with all of the city regulations in order to carry out this project.Tendremos que enfrentarnos a todas las normas municipales para realizar este proyecto.
b. lidiar con
I'm not sure how much longer I can contend with all this chaos in my life.No sé cuánto más podré seguir lidiando con todo este caos en mi vida.
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assert(
uh
-
suhrt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to declare)
a. afirmar
The newspaper article asserted that the governor had deliberately withheld the truth.El artículo del periódico afirmaba que el gobernador había ocultado la verdad a propósito.
b. aseverar
"There is more than enough evidence to convict him," he asserted."Hay más que suficientes pruebas para condenarlo," aseveró.
2. (to demonstrate)
a. imponer
Some border control officers love to assert their authority on travellers.A algunos oficiales de control de fronteras les encanta imponer su autoridad sobre los viajeros.
b. reafirmar
Stalin soon began to assert his supremacy and get rid of people who opposed him.Stalin pronto empezó a reafirmar su supremacía y deshacerse de sus opositores.
3. (to uphold)
a. hacer valer
He only wants to assert his right to access to his son, not to get involved in a lengthy legal battle.Solo quiere hacer valer su derecho de visita a su hijo y no involucrarse en una larga disputa judicial.
b. reivindicar
Factory workers began to organize and to assert their rights.Los trabajadores de la fábrica empezaron a organizarse y reivindicar sus derechos.
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