Quick answer
"Contend" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "afirmar", and "argue" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "discutir". Learn more about the difference between "contend" and "argue" below.
contend
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to state)
a. afirmar
The tenant contends that the landlord promised her the use of a parking space.La inquilina afirma que el casero le prometió el uso de un sitio para estacionar.
b. sostener
The CEO contended that he had no knowledge of the impropriety that had taken place.El jefe de la empresa sostuvo que no tenía ningún conocimiento de la impropiedad que había ocurrido.
c. argüir
I will continue to contend that I am not responsible for the damage.Seguiré arguyendo que no soy responsable por el daño hecho.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to compete for; used with "for")
a. competir
The boxers are contending for the heavyweight championship.Los boxeadores están compitiendo por el título de campeón mundial de peso pesado.
b. disputarse
Dennis and Wendy are contending for the condo that will be available soon.Dennis y Wendy se están disputando el apartamento que se hará disponible pronto.
3. (to handle; used with "with")
a. enfrentarse
We'll have to contend with all of the city regulations in order to carry out this project.Tendremos que enfrentarnos a todas las normas municipales para realizar este proyecto.
b. lidiar con
I'm not sure how much longer I can contend with all this chaos in my life.No sé cuánto más podré seguir lidiando con todo este caos en mi vida.
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argue(
ar
-
gyu
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to quarrel)
a. discutir
My parents are always arguing about money.Mis padres siempre están discutiendo por el dinero.
b. pelearse
Couples who argue in public are the worst.Las parejas que se pelean en público son lo peor.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to allege)
a. argumentar
The defendant argued that he was not present at the scene of the crime.El acusado argumentó que no estaba presente en el lugar del crimen.
b. sostener
My husband argues that it's better to clean our own house than hire a maid.Mi marido sostiene que es mejor limpiar nuestra propia casa que contratar a una criada.
c. alegar
The governor argued that he hadn't traded political favors for money.El gobernador alegó que no había cambiado favores políticos por dinero.
3. (to discuss)
a. discutir
We've argued this point to death. Can't we move on?Hemos discutido este punto hasta más no poder. ¿No podemos hablar de otra cosa?
4. (to present)
a. presentar
The attorney will argue the case in front of the judge tomorrow.El abogado presentará el caso ante el juez mañana.
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