Quick answer
"Complement" is a noun which is often translated as "el complemento", and "cause" is a noun which is often translated as "la causa". Learn more about the difference between "complement" and "cause" below.
complement(
kam
-
pleh
-
mihnt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (thing that completes)
a. el complemento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
New technology is a complememt to classroom teaching, not a substitute for it.La nueva tecnología es un complemento, y no un sustituto, de la enseñanza en el aula.
2. (required number)
a. la dotación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Many schools are functioning without a full complement of teachers.Muchas escuelas están funcionando con una dotación de profesores menor que la estipulada.
b. la miembro de tripulación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(nautical)
The ship had lost three of its complement in the battle.El buque había perdido a tres miembros de su tripulación en la batalla.
3. (grammar)
a. el complemento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In the sentence "Keith is my brother.", "my brother" is the complement of "Keith is".En la frase "Keith is my brother.", "my brother" es el complemento de "Keith is".
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to match)
a. complementar
The sommelier can recommend wines to complement your chosen dishes.El sumiller puede recomendar vinos que complementen los platos que hayas elegido.
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cause(
kaz
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (origin)
a. la causa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The treatment will depend on the cause of the infection.El tratamiento dependerá de la causa de la infección.
2. (reason)
a. el motivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Having a birthday is a cause for joy, not sadness!Cumplir años es motivo de alegría, ¡no de tristeza!
b. la razón
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's no cause for concern; he's making a good recovery.No hay razón para preocuparse; se está recuperando bien.
3. (ideal)
a. la causa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My friend went to Africa as a volunteer for a good cause.Mi amiga se fue a África como voluntaria por una buena causa.
4. (legal)
a. la causa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You will need to prove that you have been dismissed without due cause.Tendrá que demostrar que la han despedido sin una causa justificada.
b. el caso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Who will plead your cause? - I'm a lawyer, so I'll do it myself.¿Quién defenderá tu caso? - Soy abogada, así que lo haré yo misma.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to occasion)
a. causar
The investigation concluded that the fire was caused by an electrical failure.La investigación concluyó que el incendio fue causado por un fallo eléctrico.
b. provocar
If you keep texting while you're driving, you're going to cause an accident.Si sigues mandando mensajes de texto mientras vas manejando, vas a provocar un accidente.
c. ocasionar
A change in pressure can cause discomfort in the ears.Un cambio de presión puede ocasionar molestias a los oídos.
d. hacer que
The storm caused the game to be canceled.La tormenta hizo que se cancelara el partido.
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