Quick answer
"Compile" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "recopilar", and "gather" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "recoger". Learn more about the difference between "compile" and "gather" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to compose)
a. recopilar
The reporter compiled information for her story on election fraud.La reportera recopiló información para su artículo sobre el fraude electoral.
b. compilar
The translator compiled a company specific glossary.El traductor compiló un glosario específico de la empresa.
c. reunir
The coach compiled a list of players he'd like to add to the team.El entrenador reunió una lista de los jugadores que le gustaría tener en el equipo.
d. recabar
Robin is going to compile a list of products to take pictures of for her ceramics catalogue.Robin va a recabar una lista de productos que fotografiar para el catálogo de cerámicas.
2. (computing)
a. compilar
The compiler compiles human readable code and transforms it into machine readable code.El compilador compila el código legible para humanos y lo transforma en código legible para máquinas.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to collect)
a. recoger
The forest is full of squirrels gathering acorns.El bosque está lleno de ardillas recogiendo bellotas.
We spent a pleasant hour gathering blackberries.Pasamos una hora agradable recogiendo moras.
b. reunir
The teacher gathered all her students together.La maestra reunió a todos los alumnos.
c. juntar
I need more time to gather more signatures.Necesito más tiempo para juntar más firmas.
d. recolectar
We have gathered large amounts of data for the project.Hemos recolectado grandes cantidades de datos para el proyecto.
2. (to accumulate)
a. acumular
The books were just gathering dust. No one read them.Los libros simplemente acumulaban polvo. Nadie los leía.
3. (to conclude)
a. tener entendido
I gather that you and Jane have split up.Tengo entendido que tú y Jane se han separado.
4. (sewing)
a. fruncir
Make sure to gather the waist on that dress.Asegúrate de fruncir la cintura de ese vestido.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to assemble)
a. reunirse
People are gathering in the square.La gente se está reuniendo en la plaza.
b. congregarse
Thousands of fans gathered at the entrance to the stadium.Miles de fans se congregaron en la entrada del estadio.
c. juntarse
We are gathering to plan the wedding.Nos vamos a juntar para planificar la boda.
6. (to accumulate)
a. acumularse
She let dust gather on the furniture and it was almost an inch thick.Dejó acumularse el polvo en los muebles y estaba a casi una pulgada de alto.
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