Quick answer
"Compensation" is a noun which is often translated as "la compensación", and "damages" is a noun which is often translated as "los daños y perjuicios". Learn more about the difference between "compensation" and "damages" below.
compensation(
kam
-
pihn
-
sey
-
shihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (repayment)
a. la compensación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The transit authority gave us free bus tickets as compensation for their lateness.Las autoridades de tránsito nos dieron boletos de autobús como compensación por su retraso.
2. (indemnity)
a. la indemnización
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The insurance company paid our family compensation for the loss of our house in the fire.La compañía de seguros nos pagó a nuestra familia indemnización por la pérdida de nuestra casa en el incendio.
3. (salary)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la remuneración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Our manager asked for better compensation when he realized how much money he saved the company.Nuestro gerente pidió una mejor remuneración cuando se dio cuenta de cuánto dinero le ahorró la compañía.
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damages
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (legal)
a. los daños y perjuicios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defendant had to pay one million dollars in damages.El demandado tenía que pagar un millón de dólares en daños y perjuicios.
damage
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (destruction)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The damage that the war has caused to the country's infrastructure will take years to repair.El daño que la guerra ha causado a las infraestructuras del país tardará años en repararse.
b. los daños
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The building sustained extensive damage in the earthquake.El edificio sufrió importantes daños en el terremoto.
3. (detrimental effect)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rumors have caused damage to my reputation.Los rumores provocaron un daño a mi reputación.
b. el perjuicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Floods have caused substantial economic damage this year.Este año, las inundaciones causaron un considerable perjuicio económico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to inflict harm on)
a. dañar
A famous painting was accidentally damaged by a visitor to the museum.Un visitante del museo dañó accidentalmente una pintura famosa.
5. (to cause a detrimental effect)
a. dañar
Poor defending is damaging the team's chances in this game.Una mala defensa está dañando las oportunidades del equipo en este partido.
b. perjudicar
Smoking can damage your health.Fumar puede perjudicar tu salud.
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