Quick answer
"Comparative" is an adjective which is often translated as "comparativo", and "the" is a definite article which is often translated as "el". Learn more about the difference between "comparative" and "the" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (involving comparison)
a. comparativo
The researchers conducted a comparative analysis of treatments for hepatitis B.Los investigadores realizaron un análisis comparativo de los tratamientos para la hepatitis B.
b. comparado
Zeina just completed her degree in comparative literature.Zeina acaba de terminar sus estudios de literatura comparada.
2. (relative)
a. relativo
They won the first game in the tournament with comparative ease.Ganaron el primer partido del torneo con relativa facilidad.
3. (grammar)
a. comparativo
The student mistakenly used the comparative adverb "more" with the comparative adjective "better."El estudiante utilizó erróneamente el adverbio comparativo "más" con el adjetivo comparativo "mejor".
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (grammar)
a. el comparativo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had a review of comparatives and superlatives in English class today.Hoy hicimos un repaso de los comparativos y los superlativos en la clase de inglés.
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A definite article is a word that identifies a noun as as specific or known to the speaker (e.g. the girl).
1. (general)
a. el (singular, masculine)
The pencil is in the drawer.El lápiz está en el cajón.
b. la (singular, feminine)
The ball is on the floor.La pelota está en el piso.
c. los (plural, masculine)
I like all the dresses in the store.Me gustan todos los vestidos de la tienda.
d. las (plural, feminine)
The flowers you bought are lovely.Las flores que compraste son hermosas.
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