Quick answer
"Commit" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "cometer", and "make a mistake" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "cometer un error". Learn more about the difference between "commit" and "make a mistake" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to perpetrate)
a. cometer
He grew up in a rough neighborhood and committed his first crime at the age of seven.Se crió en un barrio peligroso y cometió su primer crimen a los siete años.
b. suicidarse
The hospital offers support for patients who have tried to commit suicide.El hospital ofrece apoyo para los pacientes que han intentado suicidarse.
2. (to entrust)
a. confiar
I committed my love to you and you threw it away when you left me for someone else.Te confié mi amor y lo tiraste cuando me abandonaste por otro.
3. (to put in)
a. internar (to a hospital)
Mary's husband committed her to the hospital due to her Alzheimer's disease.El esposo de Mary la internó en el hospital debido a su alzhéimer.
b. encarcelar (to prison)
The criminal was committed after the evidence was presented.El criminal fue encarcelado después de que se presentó la evidencia.
4. (to bind)
a. comprometer
You agree that this contract commits you to fulfilling its requirements.Estás aceptando que este contrato te compromete a cumplir sus requisitos.
b. comprometerse
I commit myself to upholding the laws of this country.Me comprometo a respetar las leyes de este país.
5. (legal)
a. enjuiciar
There was enough evidence to indicate that Steve may be guilty, so the magistrate committed him to trial.Había suficientes pruebas que indicaban que Steve podía ser culpable, así que el juez lo enjuició.
6. (to devote resources to)
a. asignar
The board committed the funds needed for completion of the road project.La junta asignó los fondos necesarios para llevar a cabo el proyecto vial.
7. (to refer)
a. remitir
The parliament committed the deliberation to a study group.El parlamento remitió el proyecto de ley a un grupo de estudio.
8. (to settle)
a. poner por escrito
The interested parties committed and signed the agreement.Los interesados pusieron por escrito y firmaron el acuerdo.
b. consignar
The voting results have to be committed at the end of the day.Los resultados de la votación se tienen que consignar al final del día.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to promise)
a. comprometerse
She committed to handing in the final project in two weeks.Se comprometió a entregar el proyecto final en dos semanas.
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make a mistake
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. cometer un error
I made a mistake when I assembled my desk, so now it wobbles.Cometí un error cuando armaba mi escritorio, así que ahora se tambalea.
b. equivocarse
I think you made a mistake with the directions. We're lost.Creo que te equivocaste con las indicaciones. Estamos perdidos.
c. confundirse
I made a mistake with the address and my mom never got my letter.Me confundí en la dirección y mi mamá nunca recibió mi carta.
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