Quick answer
"Come up" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "subir", and "emerge" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "surgir". Learn more about the difference between "come up" and "emerge" below.
come up(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to ascend)
a. subir
Come up and talk to me.Sube a platicar conmigo.
b. salir
The sun comes up at 7:30 am here.El sol sale a las 7:30 am aquí.
c. aparecer
The watermelon sprouts start to come up in May.Los brotes de sandía comienzan a aparecer en mayo.
2. (to approach; often used with "to")
a. acercarse
Exams are coming up, so you're better off to start studying now.Se acercan los exámenes, así que más les vale empezar a repasar ahora.
b. acercarse a
Some girl came up to Pedro at school and asked him for his phone number.Una chica se le acercó a Pedro en la escuela y le pidió el número de teléfono.
3. (to occur)
a. surgir
I won't be able to arrive in time. Something came up.No podré llegar a tiempo. Algo surgió.
b. presentarse
An opportunity for me to work in Dubai came up.Se me presentó una oportunidad de trabajar en Dubai.
c. salir
We had almost finished the project when another problem came up.Casi habíamos terminado el proyecto cuando salió otro problema.
4. (to be mentioned)
a. mencionarse
Ariadna is uncomfortable when the topic of her father's arrest comes up.Ariadna se incomoda cuando se menciona el tema de la detención de su padre.
b. salir
Tiffany's lottery number came up and she became a millionaire.Salió el número de lotería de Tiffany y se convirtió en millonaria.
c. surgir
I didn't mean to talk about her ex, but we were chatting and the topic came up.No era mi intención hablar de su ex, pero estábamos chateando y surgió el tema.
5. (legal)
a. verse
The case is scheduled to come up in court in two weeks.El caso está programado para verse en la corte en dos semanas.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(to ascend in rank)
a. subir
Branson really came up; he used to be the chauffeur and now he hobnobs with the nobility.Branson realmente subió de categoría; antes era el chofer y ahora se codea con la nobleza.
7. (to travel)
a. ir
I'm coming up by train; I think I'll be there by 6 pm.Voy en el tren; creo que llegaré para las 6 pm.
b. venir
When are your parents coming up to visit us?¿Cuándo vienen tus padres a visitarnos?
8. (education; used with "to") (United Kingdom)
a. matricularse
Simon's parents are very proud he's coming up to university.Los padres de Simon están orgullosos de que se haya matriculado en la universidad.
9. (to turn on)
a. encenderse
When the auditorium lights came up, the actors saw that the theater had emptied completely.Cuando se encendieron las luces del auditorio, los actores vieron que el teatro se había vaciado por completo.
10. (to reach a height; used with "to")
a. llegar
The mud in the swamp came up to my waist.El lodo en la ciénaga me llegaba hasta la cintura.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(to grow up)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
"When I was coming up, girls didn't ask boys out, " said the elderly man."En mi época, las chicas no invitaban a los chicos a salir, " dijo el viejito.
These shoes were all the rage when I was coming up.Estos zapatos eran muy de moda cuando yo era adolescente.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
12. (to climb)
a. subir
What a great view. You have to come up the hill and take a look.Qué increible vista. Debes subir la colina y echar un vistazo.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to become evident)
a. surgir
He has such good foresight that he can handle any complication before it emerges.Tiene tan buena capacidad de previsión que puede hacerse cargo de cualquier complicación antes de que surja.
2. (to come out)
a. emerger (from water)
Do you think the Loch Ness monster will emerge from the lake this year?¿Crees que el monstruo del lago Ness emergerá este año?
b. salir
Our family was proud when my brother emerged victorious from a swimming competition.Nuestra familia se sintió orgullosa cuando mi hermano salió victorioso de la competición de natación.
c. aparecer
An outbreak of infection emerged in the building as a result of the residents' poor hygiene.Un brote infeccioso apareció en el edificio como resultado de la mala higiene de sus habitantes.
3. (to come into being)
a. surgir
Many creative ideas emerged from our brainstorming session.Muchas ideas creativas surgieron de nuestra lluvia de ideas.
b. aflorar
If you look at the illusion for a bit longer, a new image will emerge.Si miras la ilusión un poco más de tiempo, una nueva imagen aflorará.
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