Quick answer
"Colonel" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la coronel", and "major" is a noun which is often translated as "la especialidad". Learn more about the difference between "colonel" and "major" below.
colonel(
kuhr
-
nuhl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (military)
a. el coronel
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la coronel
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My father was a colonel in the army and we lived in many countries.Mi padre era coronel del ejército y vivimos en muchos países.
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major(
mey
-
juhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la especialidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have to declare a major next year.El año que viene tenemos que elegir una especialidad.
b. la carrera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What is your major at the university?¿Qué carrera estudias en la universidad?
2. (military)
a. el comandante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la comandante
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A major ranks above a captain but below a lieutenant colonel.Un comandante está por encima de un capitán, pero por debajo de un teniente coronel.
b. el mayor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The order came from a major of the US army.La orden procedía de un mayor del ejército norteamericano.
3. (music)
a. el mayor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The orchestra performed the song in B major.La orquesta interpretó la canción en si mayor.
4. (student)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Arnold is a Physics major.Arnold estudia física como asignatura principal.
What can a Language major do when they graduate?¿A qué se pueden dedicar las personas que estudian lenguas cuando se gradúan?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (considerable)
a. importante
Corruption is still a major obstacle for the country's development.La corrupción sigue siendo un obstáculo importante para el desarrollo del país.
6. (serious)
a. grave
We have a major problem on our hands.Tenemos un problema grave en nuestras manos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. especializarse
I majored in psychology in college.En la universidad me especialicé en psicología.
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