Quick answer
"Climb" is a noun which is often translated as "el ascenso", and "scale" is a noun which is often translated as "la escala". Learn more about the difference between "climb" and "scale" below.
climb(
klaym
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (ascent)
a. el ascenso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The climb to the summit was hard.El ascenso a la cima fue duro.
b. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After a steep climb to the top, you are rewarded with a panoramic view.Después de una empinada subida hasta la cima, recibirás la recompensa de una vista panorámica.
c. la ascensión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
From there it is a hard climb of 500 metres to reach the summit plateau.Desde allí, hay una ascensión difícil de 500 metros hasta llegar a la planicie de la cumbre.
d. la escalada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The sign stated that the climb was not to be attempted by beginners.El cartel informaba que la escalada no era para principiantes.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to go up)
a. escalar
Let's go climb a mountain on Saturday.Escalemos una montaña el sábado.
b. subir
I climbed the stairs to the second floor.Subí las escaleras hasta el segundo piso.
c. trepar
You need both hands free to climb the ladder.Tienes que tener las manos libres para trepar la escalera.
d. treparse a
We used to spend hours climbing trees.Pasábamos horas trepándonos a los árboles.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to get on; used with "on" and "onto")
a. subir a
I climbed onto the table to get a better view.Me subí a la mesa para ver mejor.
4. (to go mountaineering)
a. hacer alpinismo
I haven't climbed since I had the accident.No he hecho alpinismo desde que tuve el accidente.
b. hacer andinismo
We went climbing in the Andes for our honeymoon.Hicimos alpinismo en los Andes para nuestra luna de miel.
5. (to go upwards)
a. ascender
The plane took off and climbed steeply.El avión despegó y ascendió rápidamente.
b. subir
The aerostatic balloon climbed above the buildings.El globo aerostático subió por encima de los edificios.
6. (to increase)
a. subir
Prices are still climbing.Los precios no dejan de subir.
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scale(
skeyl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (size, extent)
a. la escala
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This problem is of a manageable scale.Este problema es de una escala manejable.
b. la magnitud
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tower's scale is beyond what we consider appropriate for this area.La magnitud de la torre va más allá de lo que consideramos apropiado para esta zona.
c. la envergadura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The largest scale airplane in the world is the Spruce Goose.El avión de mayor envergadura del mundo es el Spruce Goose.
2. (animal anatomy)
a. la escama
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This lizard's scales change color depending on the angle of view.Las escamas de esta lagartija cambian de color dependiendo del ángulo de observación.
3. (weighing device)
a. la balanza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She uses a scale to weigh her food.Usa una balanza para pesar su comida.
b. la báscula
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Step up on the scale so we can check your weight.Sube a la báscula para ver cuánto pesas.
c. la pesa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The scale seems to be broken. It says I weigh two pounds!La pesa está rota. ¡Dice que peso dos libras!
4. (pan in a weighing device)
a. el platillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The scale tare should be zero before weighing something.La tara del platillo debe marcar cero antes de pesar algo.
5. (graduated system)
a. la escala
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a 6.5 quake on the Richter scale.Fue un temblor de 6.5 en la escala de Richter.
6. (proportion)
a. la escala
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The model of the project is at a scale of 1:100.La maqueta del proyecto está a una escala de 1:100.
7. (music)
a. la escala
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She warms up by practicing scales for 10 minutes every day.Se prepara practicando escalas durante 10 minutos todos los días.
8. (flake)
a. la escama
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(skin)
My skin is so dry that I have scales.Mi piel está tan seca que me salen escamas.
b. la costra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(metal)
The pipe is so covered in scales there may be no structural integrity left.El tubo está tan cubierto de costras que es posible que ya no conserve su integridad estructural.
c. la cascarilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(paint or rust)
Scales of old paint fly off the wall with the wind.Con el viento, vuelan cascarillas de pintura vieja de la pared.
9. (dentistry)
a. el sarro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dentist removes the scale from my teeth every six months.El dentista me quita el sarro de los dientes cada seis meses.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to climb)
a. escalar
She scaled the tree as easily as a monkey.Escaló el árbol con la facilidad de un mono.
11. (to remove scales from)
a. escamar
We scale the fish on the boat on our way into port.Escamamos los pescados en el barco rumbo al puerto.
b. quitar las escamas
If you don't scale the fish carefully, you may swallow some when you're eating.Si no le quitas las escamas al pescado con cuidado, puede que te tragues algunas al comer.
12. (dentistry)
a. quitar el sarro
The hygienist scaled my teeth and now they feel very smooth and clean.La higienista me quitó el sarro de los dientes y ahora se sienten muy suaves y limpios.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to shed skin)
a. descamarse
I got sunburned two days ago and now I'm scaling.Me quemé en el sol hace dos días y ahora me estoy descamando.
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