Quick answer
"Circle" is a noun which is often translated as "el círculo", and "realm" is a noun which is often translated as "el reino". Learn more about the difference between "circle" and "realm" below.
circle(
suhr
-
kuhl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (geometry)
a. el círculo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How many degrees does a circle have?¿Cuántos grados tiene un círculo?
2. (round shape)
a. el círculo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The campers sat in a circle around the fire to play the guitar and sing.Los campistas se sentaron en un círculo alrededor de la hoguera para tocar la guitarra y cantar.
b. la circunferencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The little kids drew circles and squares with their crayons.Los niños chiquitos dibujaron circunferencias y cuadrados con sus crayones.
3. (social group)
a. el grupo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Only the family circle knew that she was pregnant.Solo el grupo familiar sabía que ella estaba embarazada.
b. el círculo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I want to widen my circle of friends.Quiero ampliar mi círculo de amigos.
4. (theater)
a. el anfiteatro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cheapest tickets for the concert are the ones in the upper circle.Las entradas más baratas para el concierto son las del segundo anfiteatro.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to go around)
a. dar vueltas alrededor de
I had to circle the block for half an hour to find parking.Tuve que dar vueltas alrededor de la manzana durante media hora para encontrar donde estacionar.
b. girar alrededor de
You're wrong! The sun does not circle the moon.¡Estás equivocado! El sol no gira alrededor de la luna.
6. (to surround)
a. cercar
The predator circled its prey, cornering it against a wall.El depredador cercó a la presa acorralándola contra un muro.
b. rodear
The police circled the building to guard all the doors.Los policías rodearon el edificio para vigilar todas las puertas.
7. (to draw around)
a. trazar un círculo alrededor de
The student circled the keywords in the text to find the main idea.El estudiante trazó un círculo alrededor de las palabras clave del texto para sacar la idea principal.
b. rodear con un círculo
One of the exam exercises was to circle all the synonyms.Uno de los ejercicios del examen era rodear con un círculo todos los sinónimos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to move in a circular pattern)
a. dar vueltas
We discovered that the compass was broken and that we were just circling.Descubrimos que la brújula estaba rota y no hacíamos más que dar vueltas.
9. (to fly around)
a. volar en círculos
We can't land due to the fire at the airport, so the pilot is just circling.No podemos aterrizar debido al incendio en el aeropuerto, así que el piloto solo está volando en círculos.
b. hacer círculos
That bee doesn't look too busy; he's been circling in the garden for the last hour.Esa abeja no se ve muy ocupada; lleva una hora haciendo círculos en el jardín.
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realm(
rehlm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (kingdom)
a. el reino
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
"One day, my entire realm will be yours," the king told the prince."Algún día, todo mi reino será tuyo", le dijo el rey al príncipe.
2. (field of knowledge)
a. el campo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is an issue that is relevant beyond the realm of pure economics.Este es un asunto que es relevante más allá del campo de la economía pura.
b. el terreno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Astrophysics aren't exactly within my realm.La astrofísica no se encuentra exactamente dentro de mi terreno.
c. la esfera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The mayor was elected despite being an outsider to the realm of politics.El alcalde fue elegido a pesar de ser un desconocido en la esfera de la política.
d. el ámbito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My realm is more carpentry than architecture.Mi ámbito es más bien la carpintería que la arquitectura.
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