Quick answer
"Carved" is a form of "carve", a transitive verb which is often translated as "tallar". "Chopped" is an adjective which is often translated as "picado". Learn more about the difference between "chopped" and "carved" below.
chopped
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. picado
Add one cup of chopped onions to the pan.Agrega una taza de cebollas picadas a la sartén.
b. troceado
The chopped meat goes in a pita with vegetables, and then we put this sauce on top.La carne troceada se coloca en una pita con verduras, y luego le echamos esta salsa encima.
c. cortado
Add the chopped apple to the salad.Agrega la manzana cortada a la ensalada.
d. talado (tree)
The chopped trees were then sent downriver to saw mills.Luego los árboles talados eran enviados río abajo a los aserraderos.
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carve(
karv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to form something from a solid material)
a. tallar
Ben wiled away his leisure hours carving boats out of pieces of driftwood.Ben pasaba los ratos libres tallando barquitos en trozos de madera arrastrados por el mar.
The first time I carved a pumpkin was when I was an exchange student in the U.S.La primera vez que tallé una calabaza de Halloween fue cuando estuve de intercambio en los EE. UU.
b. esculpir
The indigenous people carved brooches from ivory tusks.Los indígenas esculpían broches en colmillos de marfil.
2. (to engrave)
a. grabar
The names of all those who died were carved on the memorial.Grabaron los nombres de todos los que murieron en el monumento conmemorativo.
3. (culinary)
a. trinchar
You need a sharp knife to carve meat.Hace falta un cuchillo afilado para trinchar la carne.
b. cortar
Can you carve the chicken while I dish up the vegetables?¿Puedes cortar el pollo mientras yo sirvo las verduras?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (culinary)
a. trinchar la carne
In our family, it was always dad who carved.En nuestra familia, mi padre siempre trinchaba la carne.
b. cortar la carne
I'll carve. You set the table.Yo corto la carne. Tú pon la mesa.
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