Quick answer
"Choose" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "escoger", and "select" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "seleccionar". Learn more about the difference between "choose" and "select" below.
choose(
chuz
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to make a selection)
a. escoger
You have to choose between the two job offers.Tienes que escoger entre las dos ofertas de trabajo.
b. elegir
There are many options to choose from.Hay muchas opciones entre las que elegir.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to select)
a. elegir
I chose the red dress for my big night.Elegí el vestido rojo para mi gran noche.
b. escoger
Choose whatever you prefer, it's on the house.Escoja lo que prefiera, invita la casa.
3. (to decide to; used with "to")
a. decidir
We could have moved to New York, but we chose to stay here.Podríamos habernos ido a vivir a Nueva York, pero decidimos quedarnos aquí.
b. optar por
I chose to be self-employed instead of working for a firm.Opté por trabajar por mi cuenta en lugar de trabajar para una empresa.
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select(
suh
-
lehkt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to choose)
a. seleccionar
She was selected for the post from among dozens of candidates.Fue seleccionada para el puesto de entre docenas de candidatos.
b. elegir
Our sommelier will select your wine for you.Nuestro sumiller elegirá su vino.
c. escoger
You may select any of the remaining three prizes.Puede escoger cualquiera de los tres premios restantes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (carefully chosen)
a. selecto
We use our most select grapes for this vintage.Utilizamos nuestras uvas más selectas para este reserva.
b. de primera calidad
The store offers a wide range of the most select cheeses.La tienda ofrece una amplia selección de quesos de primerísima calidad.
3. (only available to an elite)
a. selecto
It is a very select club. Businessmen and politicians are among its members.Se trata de un club muy selecto. Entre sus miembros se cuentan hombres de negocios y políticos.
b. de élite
She attended a select boarding school, where she received the finest education.Asistió a un internado de élite, donde recibió la mejor educación.
c. exclusivo
They live in one of Paris's most select neighborhoods.Viven en uno de los barrios más exclusivos de París.
4. (part of an elite)
a. elegido
They were among the select few allowed into that secret society.Ellos estaban entre los pocos elegidos que formaban parte de esa sociedad secreta.
b. privilegiado
Only a select few can afford that watch.Solo una minoría privilegiada se puede permitir ese reloj.
c. selecto
We played for a select audience of VIPs and dignitaries.Tocamos ante un selecto público de personas VIP y dignatarios.
d. distinguido
That restaurant had always a very select clientele.Ese restaurante tuvo siempre una clientela muy distinguida.
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