Quick answer
"Chip" is a noun which is often translated as "la astilla", and "notch" is a noun which is often translated as "la muesca". Learn more about the difference between "chip" and "notch" below.
chip(
chihp
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (small piece)
a. la astilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of wood)
We put wood chips around the trees in the garden.Pusimos astillas de manera alrededor de los árboles en el jardín.
b. la esquirla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of stone or glass)
I hurt my foot with a glass chip.Me lastimé el pie con una esquirla de vidrio.
c. la lasca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of stone)
Why do you have that pile of stone chips in the backyard?¿Por qué tienes esa pila de lascas de piedra en el jardín?
d. la viruta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of wood)
Wood chips are great to make compost.Las virutas de madera son buenísimas para hacer compost.
2. (culinary)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la papa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I had a bag of chips for lunch.Para almorzar me comí una bolsa de papas.
b. la patata frita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Can you get me some chips from the vending machine?¿Me puedes comprar unas patatas fritas de la máquina expendedora?
3. (culinary) (United Kingdom)
a. la papa frita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
What'll you have? - Steak and chips for me.¿Qué desea? - Para mí un bistec con papas fritas.
b. la patata frita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The fish comes with chips or a salad.El pescado viene acompañado de patatas fritas o una ensalada.
4. (computing)
a. el microchip
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We make chips for computers and other electronic equipment.Fabricamos microchips para computadoras y otros equipos electrónicos.
5. (gambling)
a. la ficha
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She won a ton of chips from playing blackjack.Ganó un montón de fichas jugando al blackjack.
6. (flaw)
a. la mella
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His friends nicknamed him "Chip" because of the chip in his front tooth.Sus amigos le dieron el apodo de "Chip" por la mella que tiene en el diente de delante.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to damage)
a. desportillar
Don't tell Dad that I chipped the plate.No le digas a papá que desportillé el plato.
b. mellar (tooth)
The kid chipped his tooth when he fell down.El niño se melló el diente al caerse.
8. (to put a microchip in)
a. ponerle un chip a
The vet recommended that we chip our dog in case he gets lost.El veterinario nos recomendó ponerle un chip a nuestro perro en caso de que se pierda.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to break off into pieces)
a. desconcharse (paint, nail polish)
If you buy cheap paint, it will chip and the house will look shabby.Si compras pintura barata, se desconchará y la casa se verá destartalada.
b. desportillarse (ceramics)
The saleswoman told me that these plates won't chip within the next 25 years.La vendedora me dijo que esta vajilla no se desportillará durante los próximos 25 años.
c. saltarse (paint, nail polish) (Southern Cone)
This nail polish will last about a week before nails start chipping.Este esmalte dura más o menos una semana hasta que empieza a saltarse.
d. cascarse (River Plate)
The glass chipped in the dishwaher.El vaso se cascó en el lavaplatos.
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notch
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (indentation)
a. la muesca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a notch in one end of the arrow for placing it on the bowstring.La flecha tiene una muesca en un extremo que permite colocarla en la cuerda del arco.
b. el corte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cut a notch in the timber so the cable can pass through.Haz un corte en la madera para que pase el cable.
2. (hole in a belt)
a. el agujero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I had to make an extra notch in my belt after I lost weight.Tuve que hacerle otro agujero al cinturón porque perdí peso.
3. (level)
a. el punto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He went up a few notches in my book when he said that.Subió unos cuantos puntos en mi estima cuando dijo eso.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I lowered my voice a notch, so the others wouldn't hear.Bajé un poco la voz para que los demás no pudieran oírme.
The team will have to raise their performance a few notches if they want to get anywhere this season.El equipo tendrá que mejorar bastante su actuación si quiere lograr algo esta temporada.
4. (geography)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el desfiladero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Over thousands of years, the ice had made deep notches in the mountainside.Al cabo de miles de años, el hielo había excavado profundos desfiladeros en la ladera de la montaña.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to make a notch in)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Tally sticks were notched every time a payment was made.Cada vez que se efectuaba un pago, hacían un corte en el palo para llevar las cuentas.
We notch the tops of the fenceposts to hold the wire in place.Hacemos muescas en la parte superior de los postes para sujetar el alambre.
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