Quick answer
"Chase" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perseguir", and "pursue" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "perseguir". Learn more about the difference between "chase" and "pursue" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pursue)
a. perseguir
Members of the press chased the actor through the streets.Los miembros de la prensa persiguieron al actor por las calles.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to pursue; often used with "after")
a. dar vueltas buscando
I don't want to have to chase after her all day, but I really need those books for the exam.No quiero estar dando vueltas buscándola todo el día, pero necesito esos libros para el examen.
b. correr tras
The police chased after the thief, but they never found him.La policía corrió tras el ladrón, pero nunca lo encontraron.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (pursuit)
a. la persecución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We watched the police chase on live television.Vimos la persecución de la policía en vivo en la televisión.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to chase)
a. perseguir
We found ourselves being pursued by a herd of cows.Nos dimos cuenta que nos perseguía una manada de vacas.
2. (to proceed with)
a. proseguir (studies)
After graduating, I would like to pursue my studies in Germany.Una vez que termine la carrera, me gustaría proseguir mis estudios en Alemania.
b. seguir (policy)
They pursued a policy of repression against dissenters.Siguieron una política de represión contra los disidentes.
c. continuar con (inquiries or official investigation)
It is unlikely that the police will pursue the investigation.Es poco probable que la policía continúe con la investigación.
3. (to strive towards)
a. luchar por (an objective or rights)
We felt we were pursuing a common goal.Sentimos que luchábamos por un objetivo común.
b. buscar (knowledge or happiness)
I'd like to pursue knowledge for its own sake, not for a degree.Me gustaría buscar el saber porque sí, y no para conseguir un título.
4. (profession)
a. dedicarse a
He did not wish to pursue law.No quería dedicarse a la abogacía.
b. ejercer
She gave up acting to pursue medicine.Dejó el teatro para ejercer medicina.
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