Quick answer
"Change" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "cambiar", and "spoil" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "echar a perder". Learn more about the difference between "change" and "spoil" below.
change(
cheynj
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to alter)
a. cambiar
The presenter changed outfits three times during the ceremony.El presentador cambió de traje tres veces durante la ceremonia.
They might change their mind about going to the party nearer the time.Puede que cambien de idea de si ir o no a la fiesta cuando se acerque la fecha.
2. (to exchange)
a. cambiar
I changed dollars into pesos as soon as I arrived in Mexico City.Cambié dólares a pesos en cuanto llegué al Distrito Federal.
I want to change these pants for that sweater.Quiero cambiar estos pantalones por ese suéter.
3. (to put a fresh diaper on)
a. cambiar
I just changed the baby and he's already dirtied another diaper.Acabo de cambiar al bebé y ya ha ensuciado otro pañal.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to become different)
a. cambiar
I want to go to the reunion to see how everyone has changed.Quiero ir a la reunión para ver cómo han cambiado todos.
When the leaves start to change, it makes me want to break out my sweaters.Cuando las hojas empiezan a cambiar, me dan ganas de sacar mis suéteres.
5. (to put on new clothes)
a. cambiarse
She changed after going to the gym.Ella se cambió después de ir al gimnasio.
6. (to exchange modes of transport)
a. cambiar
To go downtown, you have to change at the next stop.Para ir al centro, tienes que cambiar en la siguiente parada.
b. hacer transbordo
You can change to a brown-line train at Fullerton.Puedes hacer transbordo a un tren de la línea marrón en Fullerton.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (new and different situation)
a. el cambio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After ten years in New York, I just felt a change was necessary.Después de diez años en Nueva York, simplemente pensaba que un cambio era necesario.
8. (alteration)
a. el cambio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There has been a change in our plans.Ha habido un cambio en nuestros planes.
b. la variación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There has been no change in the patient's condition.No ha habido variación alguna en el estado del paciente.
9. (small coins)
a. el cambio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hate carrying around change in my pockets.Odio llevar cambio en los bolsillos.
b. el suelto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need some change for the vending machine.Necesito suelto para la máquina expendedora.
c. el sencillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Have you got any change to buy the newspaper?¿Tienes algo de sencillo para comprar el periódico?
d. el feria
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I gave my change to the homeless man.Le di mi feria al hombre sin hogar.
e. el menudo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in the Caribbean: Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico
(Caribbean)
Regionalism used in Colombia
(Colombia)
Regionalism used in Costa Rica
(Costa Rica)
I need some change to pay for parking.Necesito menudo para pagar el estacionamiento.
10. (money returned)
a. el cambio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Keep the change!¡Quédese con el cambio!
b. la vuelta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Your change is four dollars.Su vuelta es de cuatro dólares.
c. el vuelto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The waiter hasn't returned with our change.El mesero no ha regresado con nuestro vuelto.
11. (another set of clothes)
a. la muda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Don't forget to pack a change of clothes when you go to the swimming pool.No te olvides de llevar una muda de ropa cuando vayas a la piscina.
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spoil
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to ruin)
a. echar a perder
She spoiled the surprise when she told everyone what was happening.Ella echó a perder la sorpresa cuando le dijo a todo el mundo lo que estaba sucediendo.
b. estropear
Please go away. You're spoiling my fun with your bad attitude.Por favor, vete. Me estás estropeando la diversión con tu mala actitud.
c. arruinar
Alexa spoiled her sister's plans when she asked Eric out on a date.Alexa arruinó los planes de su hermana cuando invitó a Eric a salir.
2. (to pamper)
a. mimar
Judy loves to spoil her grandchildren.A Judy le encanta mimar a sus nietos.
b. consentir
My husband loves to spoil me on special occasions.A mi marido le encanta consentirme en ocasiones especiales.
c. malcriar (children)
Don't spoil your kids so much, or they will grow up to be brats.No malcríes a tus hijos tanto o se convertirán en unos mocosos consentidos.
3. (to invalidate)
a. invalidar
Thousands of voters spoiled their ballots in protest of the dearth of choices.Miles de votantes invalidaron sus papeletas en protesta por la falta de opciones.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to go bad)
a. estropearse
If we leave the vegetables in the refrigerator for too long, they are going to spoil.Si dejamos las verduras en el refrigerador demasiado tiempo, se van a estropear.
b. echarse a perder
The leftovers that I was going to eat tonight are already spoiled.Las sobras que me iba a comer esta noche ya se echaron a perder.
5. (to be eager; used with "for")
a. buscarse
He's been spoiling for trouble all day.Lleva todo el día buscando problemas.
b. estar deseando
Look out. Fred just walked in and he looks like he's spoiling for a fight.Ten cuidado. Fred acaba de entrar y parece que está deseando tener una pelea.
spoils
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (loot)
a. el botín
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After raiding the village, the pirates collected the spoils.Después de asaltar el pueblo, los piratas recogieron el botín.
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