Quick answer
"Demands" is a form of "demand", a transitive verb which is often translated as "exigir". "Challenging" is an adjective which is often translated as "desafiante". Learn more about the difference between "challenging" and "demands" below.
challenging(
chah
-
lihnj
-
ihng
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (provocative)
a. desafiante
She told him to sit down and he gave her a challenging look.Le dijo que se sentara y él le lanzó una mirada desafiante.
2. (demanding)
a. retador
This astrophysics book is quite challenging.Este libro de astrofísica es bastante retador.
b. que supone un desafío
My math homework is challenging.Mi tarea de matemáticas supone un desafío.
c. que supone un reto
Figuring out how to break the Nazi's enigma code was challenging.Encontrar la manera de descifrar el código enigma de los nazis supuso un reto.
3. (stimulating)
a. estimulante
Chess is a challenging game that demands strategic thinking.El ajedrez es un juego estimulante que exige un pensamiento estratégico.
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demand(
dih
-
mahnd
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to insist on)
a. exigir
The knight demanded to see the king immediately.El caballero exigió ver al rey de inmediato.
2. (to require)
a. exigir
Pets demand regular attention and care.Las mascotas exigen atención y cuidados regulares.
b. requerir
This plant does not demand much care to grow well.Esta planta no requiere muchos cuidados para crecer bien.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (claim)
a. la exigencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The goverment's new policy aims to meet the demands of the health service.La nueva política del gobierno pretende satisfacer las exigencias de los servicios de salud.
b. la reivindicación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of workers, protesters or strikers)
They threatened to go on strike if their demands were not met.Amenazaron con ir a la huelga si no se atendían sus reivindicaciones.
4. (request)
a. la petición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He only had one demand: the millionaire's daughter's hand in marriage.Solo tenía una petición: la mano de la hija del millonario en matrimonio.
b. la solicitud
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His demand for a loan was rejected by every bank.Todos los bancos denegaron su solicitud de préstamo.
5. (economics)
a. la demanda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The demand for a service increases when income increases, and therefore its price goes down.La demanda de un servicio aumenta cuando aumentan los ingresos y, por lo tanto, su precio disminuye.
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