Quick answer
"Challenge" is a noun which is often translated as "el reto", and "excel" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "sobresalir". Learn more about the difference between "challenge" and "excel" below.
challenge(
chahl
-
ihnj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficult task)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was quite a challenge to climb the mountain.Supuso un gran reto escalar la montaña.
b. el desafío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are facing several challenges at this stage of the project.Nos enfrentamos con varios desafíos a estas alturas del proyecto.
2. (competition)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The swordsman took up his rival's challenge.El espadachín aceptó el reto de su rival.
3. (legal)
a. la recusación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defense attorney lodged a challenge to the juror, stating that he was biased.El abogado defensor presentó una recusación al miembro del jurado, diciendo que era parcial.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to issue a challenge)
a. desafiar
The contestant challenged the former champion.El participante desafió al anterior campeón.
b. retar
They challenged us to a race.Nos retaron a una carrera.
5. (to dispute)
a. poner en duda
The new evidence challenges the former theory.La nueva evidencia pone en duda la teoría anterior.
b. cuestionar
Teenagers love to challenge authority.A los adolescentes les encanta cuestionar la autoridad.
6. (to stimulate)
a. constituir un desafío para
Sara is looking for a new job that will challenge her more.Sara busca un trabajo nuevo que consituya un desafío mayor para ella.
b. suponer un reto para
Ben needs extra work to challenge him in class.Ben necesita tareas adicionales en clase que supongan un reto para él.
7. (legal)
a. recusar
The juror was challenged because he knew the victim.El miembro del jurado fue recusado porque conocía a la víctima.
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excel(
ehk
-
sehl
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be very successful)
a. sobresalir
Her son excels at mathematics and science.Su hijo sobresale en las matemáticas y la ciencia.
b. destacarse
As a painter, he excelled in the representation of animals, flowers, and fruits.Como pintor, se destacó en la representación de animales, flores y frutas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to do better than)
a. superar
He's producing brilliant work and excelling nearly all of his peers.Está produciendo un trabajo brillante y está superando a casi todos sus coetáneos.
3. (to outdo oneself) (United Kingdom)
a. lucirse
She excelled herself in the ballet last night.Se lució en el ballet anoche.
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