Quick answer
"Challenge" is a noun which is often translated as "el reto", and "defy" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "desafiar". Learn more about the difference between "challenge" and "defy" below.
challenge(
chahl
-
ihnj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficult task)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was quite a challenge to climb the mountain.Supuso un gran reto escalar la montaña.
b. el desafío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are facing several challenges at this stage of the project.Nos enfrentamos con varios desafíos a estas alturas del proyecto.
2. (competition)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The swordsman took up his rival's challenge.El espadachín aceptó el reto de su rival.
3. (legal)
a. la recusación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defense attorney lodged a challenge to the juror, stating that he was biased.El abogado defensor presentó una recusación al miembro del jurado, diciendo que era parcial.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to issue a challenge)
a. desafiar
The contestant challenged the former champion.El participante desafió al anterior campeón.
b. retar
They challenged us to a race.Nos retaron a una carrera.
5. (to dispute)
a. poner en duda
The new evidence challenges the former theory.La nueva evidencia pone en duda la teoría anterior.
b. cuestionar
Teenagers love to challenge authority.A los adolescentes les encanta cuestionar la autoridad.
6. (to stimulate)
a. constituir un desafío para
Sara is looking for a new job that will challenge her more.Sara busca un trabajo nuevo que consituya un desafío mayor para ella.
b. suponer un reto para
Ben needs extra work to challenge him in class.Ben necesita tareas adicionales en clase que supongan un reto para él.
7. (legal)
a. recusar
The juror was challenged because he knew the victim.El miembro del jurado fue recusado porque conocía a la víctima.
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defy(
dih
-
fay
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to oppose)
a. desafiar
The lieutenant had saved many lives, but he had also defied the general's orders.El teniente había salvado muchas vidas, pero también había desafiado las órdenes del general.
b. retar
The duke was punished for defying the king in front of the whole court.El duque fue castigado por haber retado al rey delante de toda la corte.
c. desobedecer
How dare you defy me? I said you couldn't go to the movies, and you went anyway.¿Cómo te atreves a desafiarme? Te dije que no podías ir al cine, y te fuiste de todas maneras.
d. desacatar
This child is impossible; he's always defying my orders!Este niño es imposible; ¡siempre desacata mis ordenes!
2. (to dare)
a. desafiar
I defy you to answer the question without searching online for it.Te desafío a que respondas la pregunta sin buscar la respuesta en el Internet.
3. (to elude)
a. desafiar
When Michael Jordan goes up for a dunk, he seems to defy gravity.Cuando Michael Jordan salta para encestar el balón, parece desafiar la ley de la gravedad.
4. (to disregard)
a. desafiar
Phillipe Petit defied death when he crossed the span between the Twin Towers on a tightrope.Phillipe Petit desafió a la muerte cuando atravesó el espacio entre las Torres Gemelas en una cuerda floja.
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