Quick answer
"Challenge" is a noun which is often translated as "el reto", and "conduct" is a noun which is often translated as "la conducta". Learn more about the difference between "challenge" and "conduct" below.
challenge(
chahl
-
ihnj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (difficult task)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was quite a challenge to climb the mountain.Supuso un gran reto escalar la montaña.
b. el desafío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are facing several challenges at this stage of the project.Nos enfrentamos con varios desafíos a estas alturas del proyecto.
2. (competition)
a. el reto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The swordsman took up his rival's challenge.El espadachín aceptó el reto de su rival.
3. (legal)
a. la recusación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defense attorney lodged a challenge to the juror, stating that he was biased.El abogado defensor presentó una recusación al miembro del jurado, diciendo que era parcial.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to issue a challenge)
a. desafiar
The contestant challenged the former champion.El participante desafió al anterior campeón.
b. retar
They challenged us to a race.Nos retaron a una carrera.
5. (to dispute)
a. poner en duda
The new evidence challenges the former theory.La nueva evidencia pone en duda la teoría anterior.
b. cuestionar
Teenagers love to challenge authority.A los adolescentes les encanta cuestionar la autoridad.
6. (to stimulate)
a. constituir un desafío para
Sara is looking for a new job that will challenge her more.Sara busca un trabajo nuevo que consituya un desafío mayor para ella.
b. suponer un reto para
Ben needs extra work to challenge him in class.Ben necesita tareas adicionales en clase que supongan un reto para él.
7. (legal)
a. recusar
The juror was challenged because he knew the victim.El miembro del jurado fue recusado porque conocía a la víctima.
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conduct
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (behavior)
a. la conducta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In order to change the voters' conduct, we have to change their beliefs.Para cambiar la conducta del votante, debemos cambiar sus creencias.
b. el comportamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Jess was praised for her conduct at work.Jess fue elogiada por su comportamiento en el trabajo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to carry out)
a. llevar a cabo
The negotiations will be conducted behind closed doors.Las negociaciones se llevarán a cabo a puerta cerrada.
b. realizar
We conducted an experiment with magnesium in chemistry class.Realizamos un experimento con magnesio en la clase de ciencias.
c. hacer
Enrique's company conducts business on three continents.La empresa de Enrique hace negocios en tres continentes.
3. (to guide)
a. llevar
We hired a guide to conduct us through the Louvre.Contratamos a un guía para que nos llevara por el Louvre.
b. conducir
The front desk was closed when we arrived, so a security guard conducted us to our room.La recepción estaba cerrada cuando llegamos, así que un guardia de seguridad nos condujo a la habitación.
4. (to direct a musical performance)
a. dirigir
We enjoyed watching Dudamel conduct the orchestra.Disfrutamos de ver a Dudamel dirigir la orquesta.
5. (to behave)
a. comportarse
Lucy complained about the way Eric conducted himself at the meeting.Lucy se quejó de cómo se comportó Eric en la junta.
b. conducirse
Silvia always conducts herself with elegance.Silvia siempre se conduce con elegancia.
6. (to transmit)
a. conducir
Graphene conducts electricity better than copper.El grafeno conduce la electricidad mejor que el cobre.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to direct a musical performance)
a. dirigir
She started conducting six years ago.Empezó a dirigir hace seis años.
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