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Quick answer
"By the time" is a phrase which is often translated as "para cuando", and "by this time" is a phrase which is often translated as "a esta hora". Learn more about the difference between "by the time" and "by this time" below.
by the time(
bay
 
thuh
 
taym
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. para cuando
By the time Rachel and Octavio got married, they'd been living together for five years.Para cuando Rachel y Octavio se casaron, habían estado viviendo juntos para cinco años.
b. en el momento
Teenagers already have hours of practice by the time they get their driver's licenses.Adolescentes ya tienen horas de práctica en el momento en que reciben sus licencias para conducir.
c. para el momento
By the time your flight lands, I will be at the airport.Para el momento en que tu vuelo aterriza, estaré en el aeropuerto.
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by this time(
bay
 
thihs
 
taym
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (speaking about the future)
a. a esta hora
By this time tomorrow I'll be a millionaire.Mañana a esta hora seré millonario.
b. por estas fechas
By this time next year I'll be on vacation in Hawaii.El año que viene por estas fechas estaré en Hawai de vacaciones.
2. (speaking about the present)
a. a esta hora
By this time I'm usually in the office, but there's a bus drivers strike.A esta hora suelo estar en la oficina, pero hay una huelga de conductores de autobús.
3. (speaking about the past)
a. por entonces
They released their third album in 1976. By this time Anderson had become the leader of the band.Sacaron su tercer álbum en 1976. Por entonces, Anderson ya se había convertido en el líder de la banda.
b. para entonces
By this time the murderer was far away from the scene of the crime.Para entonces, el asesino estaba ya lejos del escenario del crimen.
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