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Quick answer
"By heart" is a phrase which is often translated as "de memoria", and "memorize" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "memorizar". Learn more about the difference between "by heart" and "memorize" below.
by heart(
bay
 
hart
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (from memory)
a. de memoria
I know all my students' names by heart.Me sé todos los nombres de mis alumnos de memoria.
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memorize(
meh
-
muh
-
rayz
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to retain)
a. memorizar
I was the first in my class to memorize the alphabet.Fui la primera de mi clase en memorizar el alfabeto.
b. aprender de memoria
I have to memorize this poem for tomorrow.Tengo que aprender este poema de memoria para mañana.
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