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Quick answer
"But" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero", and "whereas" is a conjunction which is often translated as "mientras que". Learn more about the difference between "but" and "whereas" below.
but(
buht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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whereas(
wehr
-
ahz
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (while)
a. mientras que
I like the ocean, whereas my sister likes the forest.Me gusta el mar, mientras que a mi hermana le gusta el bosque.
2. (taking into account)
a. considerando que
Whereas the defendant has demonstrated remorse, he is eligible for early parole.Considerando que el acusado ha demostrado remordimiento, es elegible para libertad condicional.
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