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Quick answer
"But" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero", and "tough" is an adjective which is often translated as "duro". Learn more about the difference between "but" and "tough" below.
but(
buht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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tough(
tuhf
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (difficult)
a. duro
I know it's tough, having to start all over again.Sé que es duro, tener que volver a empezar desde cero.
b. difícil
These are tough times for self-employed professionals.Son tiempos difíciles para los profesionales autónomos.
2. (physically and emotionally strong)
a. fuerte
She's a tough lady. She won't let this discourage her.Es una mujer fuerte. No se dejará desanimar por esto.
3. (strict)
a. duro
The city council has decided to get tough with street gangs.El ayuntamiento ha decidido ponerse duro con las pandillas callejeras.
4. (prone to violence)
a. duro (person)
He thinks he's tough but he's terrified of spiders.Se cree un tipo duro pero les tiene terror a las arañas.
b. peligroso (neighborhood)
That's a tough part of town. I wouldn't live there.Es un barrio peligroso. Yo no viviría allí.
5. (hard-wearing)
a. resistente
You need something tougher than flip-flops for hiking.Necesitas algo más resistente que unas chancletas para ir de caminata.
6. (chewy)
a. duro
The lamb was tough and flavorless.El cordero estaba duro y soso.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (ruffian)
a. el matón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a gang of toughs outside the store, so I waited until they were gone.Había una pandilla de matones en la puerta de la tienda, así que esperé hasta que se marcharan.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (aggressively)
a. duro
You don't have to be a big strong man to act tough.No hace falta ser grandote y fuerte para hacerse el duro.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
9. (too bad)
a. mala suerte
That's not the one I wanted. - Tough!Ese no es el que quería. - ¡Mala suerte!
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