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Quick answer
"But" is a conjunction which is often translated as "pero", and "rather" is an adverb which is often translated as "preferir". Learn more about the difference between "but" and "rather" below.
but(
buht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to express a contrasting statement)
a. pero
I want to go, but it's really far.Quiero ir pero es muy lejos.
b. sino
He wasn't from New York, but from New Jersey.No era de Nueva York, sino de Nueva Jersey.
2. (emphatic)
a. pero
But it is still too early to go to bed!¡Pero si aún es muy temprano para acostarse!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (only)
a. no ser más que
She is but a poor philosopher.No es más que una pobre filósofa.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (except)
a. salvo
I have read all his books but the last one.He leído todos sus libros salvo el último.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (objection)
a. pero
I don't want any buts or excuses.No quiero ni peros ni excusas.
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rather(
rahth
-
uhr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in comparisons)
a. preferir
I would rather die than vote for him.Prefiero morir que votar por él.
2. (quite)
a. bastante
Under the guidance of Pope Francis, the church is becoming rather socially oriented. Bajo la dirección del Papa Francisco, la iglesia se está orientando bastante hacia lo social.
3. (somewhat)
a. algo
I feel rather tired despite having slept for eight hours last night. Me siento algo cansado a pesar de haber dormido ocho horas anoche.
b. poco
She was rather bored during the date. Ella estaba un poco aburrida durante la cita.
4. (more accurately)
a. mejor dicho
He has been in business, or rather at his fruit stand, for 15 years now. Ha tenido un negocio, o mejor dicho un puesto de frutas, ahora por 15 años.
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