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Quick answer
"Burden" is a noun which is often translated as "la carga", and "freight" is a noun which is also often translated as "la carga". Learn more about the difference between "burden" and "freight" below.
burden(
buhr
-
dihn
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (load)
a. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
During my pregnancy, I was physically weighed down by the burden of carrying triplets, but my spirits were high.Durante el embarazo, me sentía físicamente pesada por la carga de los trillizos que llevaba, pero estaba muy animada.
b. el peso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The poor camel struggled to walk under the burden it carried.Al pobre camello le costaba caminar bajo el peso que llevaba.
2. (encumbrance)
a. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I enjoyed doing it at first, but then it became a burden.Al principio disfrutaba haciéndolo, pero luego se convirtió en una carga.
b. el peso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was Sheila who shouldered the burden of the family business.Era Sheila quien llevaba el peso del negocio familiar.
3. (main theme)
a. la esencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hope everyone got the burden of my speech.Espero que todo el mundo haya captado la esencia de mi discurso.
4. (nautical)
a. el arqueo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ship's burden is 3,000 tons.El arqueo del buque es de 3,000 toneladas.
5. (legal)
a. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In this lawsuit, it is the plaintiff who has the burden of proof.En este pleito, es el demandante quien tiene la carga de prueba.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to overwhelm)
a. cargar
They were looking for a scapegoat, and Alan was burdened with the blame for what others had done.Buscaban a un chivo expiatorio y Alan cargó con la culpa de lo que otros habían hecho.
b. agobiar
Adele doesn't want to burden her daughter with her problems.Adele no quiere agobiar a su hija con sus problemas.
7. (to load)
a. cargar
They burdened the trailer with everything they'd need on their trip.Cargaron el remolque con todo lo que necesitarían en el viaje.
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freight(
freyt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (goods)
a. la carga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cranes were unloading the freight to be transported on by train.Las grúas sacaban la carga que había de transportarse en tren.
b. el flete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Freight was piling up in the port due to the dockworkers' strike.El flete se estaba acumulando en el puerto debido a la huelga de estibadores.
c. las mercancías
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Most of the freight arriving in Atlanta will come from the Port of Savannah.La mayor parte de las mercancías que llegará a Atlanta lo hará por el puerto de Savannah.
2. (transportation)
a. el flete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With the rise of air freight, the Panama Canal played a less important role.Con el auge del flete aéreo, la importancia del canal de Panamá se vio menguada.
b. el transporte de mercancías
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are several ferry routes for freight between Britain and the continent.Existen varias rutas de transbordadores para el transporte de mercancías entre Gran Bretaña y la Europa continental.
3. (price)
a. el flete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The freight for all our furniture would have been too much, so we had to leave some of it behind.El flete de todos los muebles hubiera sido demasiado, así que tuvimos que dejar algunos.
b. el porte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cargo will not be delivered until the freight is paid.No se entregará la carga hasta que se pague el porte.
c. los gastos de transporte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Freight has been included in the price of the merchandise.Los gastos de transporte se incluyeron en el precio de la mercadería.
4. (vehicle)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el tren de carga
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A freight out of Denver had derailed.Había descarrilado un tren de carga que salía de Denver.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to transport)
a. fletar
The piano was freighted by air to New York, at great expense.El piano fue fletado por avión a Nueva York, lo que supuso un gran gasto.
b. transportar
After a grand prix, all of the cars and equipment have to be freighted to the next circuit on the calendar.Después de un gran premio, hay que transportar todos los carros y equipos al próximo circuito previsto.
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