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Quick answer
"Bum" is a noun which is often translated as "el vagabundo", and "homeless" is an adjective which is often translated as "sin hogar". Learn more about the difference between "bum" and "homeless" below.
bum(
buhm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (vagrant)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el vagabundo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la vagabunda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's not a bum. He just doesn't think that he needs to spend a lot of money on clothes.No es un vagabundo. Es solo que no le parece necesario gastar plata en ropa.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(anatomy) (United Kingdom)
a. la cola
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Tie your shoelaces before you trip and fall flat on your bum.Ata tus cordones antes de que te tropieces y te caigas de cola.
b. las nalgas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I had a tattoo on my bum 13 years ago, and I've regretted it ever since.Me hice un tatuaje en las nalgas hace 13 años y lo lamento desde entonces.
c. el trasero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I fell on my bum on the night of the concert, and I haven't been able to sit for weeks!¡Me caí de trasero la noche del concierto y no me pude sentar por semanas!
d. el culo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
May I suggest that you wear a longer pair of shorts? Everyone can see your bum!¿Puedo sugerir que lleves un par de pantalones cortos más largos? ¡Todos te ven el culo!
3. (lazy person)
a. el vago
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la vaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Can you believe that bum is still living with his mother at his age?¿Puedes creer que ese vago todavía vive en casa de su madre a su edad?
b. el holgazán
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la holgazana
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You have to get a job. I won't allow any bums to live in my house.Tienes que conseguir trabajo. No voy a permitirle a ningún holgazán que viva en mi casa.
4. (enthusiast)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el fanático
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la fanática
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her boyfriend is a ski bum, so they are moving to the mountains.Su novio es fanático del esquí así que se van a mudar a la montaña.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(of bad quality)
a. de mierda
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
There's no way that I would pay you that much money for a bum computer!¡De ningún modo te pagaría tanto dinero por una computadora de mierda!
b. berreta
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(River Plate)
There is nothing so frustrating as trying to hike with a bum pair of shoes.No hay nada tan frustrante como tratar de ir de caminata con zapatos berreta.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to receive without paying)
a. gorrear
I forgot my cigarettes at home. Can I bum one from you?Dejé mis cigarillos en casa. ¿Puedo gorrearte uno?
b. gorronear
I'm sorry, but I don't have any money. Is there someone in your family you can bum from?Lo siento, pero no tengo dinero. ¿Hay alguien en tu familia a quien puedas gorronear?
c. manguear
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(River Plate)
Stop bumming cigarettes and buy a pack!¡Déjate de manguear cigarrillos y cómprate un atado!
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homeless(
hom
-
lihs
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (without shelter)
a. sin hogar
There is a homeless man who sells flowers on the corner.Hay un hombre sin hogar que vende flores en la esquina.
b. sin techo
Our church provides shelter to homeless families.Nuestra iglesia alberga a familias sin techo.
c. vagabundo
I saw a poor homeless woman sleeping under the bridge.Vi a una pobre mujer vagabunda dormida debajo del puente.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
2. (homeless people)
a. la gente sin hogar
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Alaska has a higher percentage of homeless than almost any other state.Alaska tiene un porcentaje de gente sin hogar más alto que casi cualquier otro estado.
b. los indigentes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The homeless often ask for food near the train station.Los indigentes a menudo piden comida cerca de la estación de tren.
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