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Quick answer
"Briefcase" is a noun which is often translated as "el maletín", and "file" is a noun which is often translated as "el archivo". Learn more about the difference between "briefcase" and "file" below.
briefcase(
brif
-
keys
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (luggage)
a. el maletín
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The suspect was carrying a briefcase with thousands of dollars in cash.El sospechoso llevaba un maletín con miles de dólares en efectivo.
b. la cartera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The professor's briefcase was heavy with papers and books.La cartera del profesor estaba cargada de papeles y libros.
c. el portafolios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He left his briefcase on his secretary's desk.Dejó el portafolios sobre el escritorio de su secretaria.
d. el portafolio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I stuffed all my papers into my briefcase and left for work.Metí todos mis papeles en el portafolio y partí para el trabajo.
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file(
fayl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (organizing object)
a. el archivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He put all the documentation in the file.Puso toda la documentación en el archivo.
b. la carpeta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I forgot the file with the tickets at home.Se me olvidó la carpeta con los billetes en casa.
c. el clasificador
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Look for the form in the file.Busca el formulario en el clasificador.
2. (information)
a. el expediente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The police kept a file on each of us.La policía tenía un expediente para cada uno de nosotros.
3. (computing)
a. el archivo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Copy the file into the desired folder.Copia el archivo en la carpeta deseada.
b. el fichero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The file is not readable.El fichero no se puede leer.
4. (tool)
a. la lima
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can break out of jail using a file.Puedes escaparte de la cárcel con una lima.
5. (line)
a. la fila
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please form a single file.Por favor, pónganse en fila india.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (law)
a. presentar
He filed a discrimination complaint.Presentó una queja por discriminación.
7. (to classify)
a. archivar
The judge filed the case.El juez archivó el caso.
8. (to smooth)
a. limar
It's important to know how to file your nails properly.Es importante saber cómo limarse las uñas correctamente.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to march)
a. desfilar
The soldiers filed past the authorities' podium.Los soldados desfilaron por delante del podio de las autoridades.
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