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Quick answer
"Breathe" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "respirar", and "sleep" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "dormir". Learn more about the difference between "breathe" and "sleep" below.
breathe(
brith
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to inhale and exhale)
a. respirar
Breathe deeply in order to calm yourself down.Respira hondo para que te tranquilizes.
2. (to let air in)
a. transpirar
Cotton is very comfortable in part because it breathes.El algodón es muy cómodo en parte porque transpira.
b. dejar pasar el aire
I don't like polyester because it doesn't breathe.No me gusta el poliéster porque no deja pasar el aire.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to inhale)
a. aspirar
She got lung cancer from all those years she spent breathing second-hand smoke.Se enfermó de cáncer de pulmón a causa de todos esos años que pasó aspirando el humo de segunda mano.
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sleep(
slip
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rest)
a. dormir
My neighbor's dog was barking all night and I couldn't sleep.El perro de mi vecino estaba ladrando la noche entera y no pude dormir.
2. (to spend the night)
a. dormir
His kids sleep at their grandparents' house every weekend.Sus hijos duermen en la casa de sus abuelos todos los fines de semana.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to accomodate)
a. alojar
This house can sleep up to 15 people.Esta casa puede alojar hasta 15 personas.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (rest)
a. el sueño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are a number of ailments that can affect your quality of sleep.Existen varias enfermedades que pueden afectar la calidad de su sueño.
5. (eye secretion)
a. las legañas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He yawned and rubbed the sleep from his eyes.Bostezó y se limpió las legañas de los ojos.
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