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Quick answer
"Breakthrough" is a noun which is often translated as "el avance", and "milestone" is a noun which is often translated as "el mojón". Learn more about the difference between "breakthrough" and "milestone" below.
breakthrough(
breyk
-
thru
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (important discovery)
a. el avance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A team of international scientists announced a medical breakthrough that could improve millions of lives.Un equipo de científicos internacionales anunció un avance médico que podría mejorar millones de vidas.
b. el adelanto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Cloning technology is a scientific breakthrough in the field of genetic engineering.La tecnología de la clonación es un adelanto científico en el campo de la ingeniería genética.
2. (military)
a. el avance
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The general led his troops in the breakthrough of the enemy's defensive lines.El general condujo sus tropas en el avance sobre las líneas defensivas del enemigo.
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milestone(
may
-
uhl
-
ston
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (milepost)
a. el mojón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Turn off the highway at the milestone for mile 39.Sal de la carretera en el mojón de la milla 39.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(significant event)
a. el hito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Winning the Nobel Prize was a milestone in the chemist's career.Ganar el Premio Nobel marcó un hito en la carrera del químico.
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