Listen to an audio pronunciation
vs
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Quick answer
"Bottom" is a noun which is often translated as "el fondo", and "upper" is an adjective which is often translated as "superior". Learn more about the difference between "bottom" and "upper" below.
bottom(
ba
-
duhm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lowest part)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The black socks are at the bottom of the drawer.Los calcetines negros están en el fondo del cajón.
b. el pie
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a bathroom at the bottom of the stairs.Hay un baño al pie de la escalera.
c. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I found my name at the bottom of the list.Encontré mi nombre al final de la lista.
2. (deepest part)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rock will sink to the bottom of the pond.La piedra se hundirá al fondo del estanque.
3. (underside)
a. la parte de abajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a power button on the bottom of the machine.Hay un botón de encendido en la parte de abajo de la máquina.
b. la suela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's gum on the bottom of your shoe.Hay chicle en la suela de tu zapato.
c. el casco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ship is in dry dock to clean the barnacles off the bottom.El buque está en el dique seco para eliminar los percebes del casco.
d. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We stuck a camera to the bottom of the boat so we could see the sea life in the harbor.Pegamos una cámara al fondo del barco para poder observar la vida marina en el puerto.
4. (of a hierarchy)
a. el último
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la última
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He may not be in first place, but at least he's not at the bottom.A lo mejor no está en primer lugar, pero por lo menos no es el último.
b. el peor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la peor
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Marco was the bottom of his class in fifth grade.Marco fue el peor de su clase en quinto grado.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(buttocks)
a. el trasero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Esteban's bottom hurt after his fall.A Esteban le dolía el trasero después de su caída.
b. el culo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Argentina
(Argentina)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
My bottom's wet after sitting on the grass.Tengo el culo mojado por sentarme en el césped.
6. (sports)
a. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(baseball)
The bases are loaded at the bottom of the ninth and the score is tied.Las bases están llenas al final de la novena y el marcador está empatado.
b. la parte baja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(baseball)
They have a four to two lead at the bottom of the eighth inning.Tienen una ventaja de cuatro a dos en la parte baja de la octava entrada.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (lowest)
a. inferior
The bottom pane displays your progress.El panel inferior muestra tu progreso.
b. más abajo
Our seats are in the bottom row of the theater.Nuestros asientos están en la fila de más abajo del teatro.
c. de abajo
The magician pulled the bottom card from the deck.El mago sacó la carta de abajo de la baraja.
d. primero
There is a rag hanging on the bottom rung.Hay un trapo tendido en el primer peldaño.
e. más bajo
I can't go any lower. That's my bottom offer.No puedo bajar más. Es la oferta más baja.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to reach the lowest point; often used with "out")
a. tocar fondo
The economic crisis bottomed out in 2019. In April of that year, the economy began its slow recovery.La crisis económica tocó fondo en 2019. En abril de ese año, la economía inició su lenta recuperación.
bottoms
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. el pantalón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to stay home in my pajama bottoms and a T-shirt all day.Voy a quedarme en casa en pantalón de pijama y camiseta todo el día.
b. la parte de abajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Susana's bikini bottoms are full of sand from her day at the beach.La parte de abajo del biquini de Susana está llena de arena después de pasar el día en la playa.
c. el bajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What size hem would you like on the bottoms of your pants?¿Qué tamaño de dobladillo te gustaría en el bajo del pantalón?
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
upper(
uh
-
puhr
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (spatially and numerically)
a. superior
Ozone has become depleted in the upper atmosphere.El ozono ha disminuido en la atmósfera superior.
b. más alto
We hiked across the upper slopes to a mountain cabin.Hicimos una caminata por las laderas más altas a una cabaña de montaña.
c. de arriba
Cristina lives on the upper floor.Cristina vive en el piso de arriba.
d. máximo
The upper limit for storage space has been exceeded.El límite máximo del espacio de almacenamiento se ha superado.
e.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
In the US, individuals that make up the upper income range are capitalists and entrepreneurs.En los EE. UU., las personas que conforman el nivel de ingresos más alto son capitalistas y empresarios.
Juan, a millionaire, is in the upper tax bracket.Juan, un millonario, está en la banda impositiva más elevada.
2. (in importance)
a. superior
She started out washing dishes 20 years ago, and now she works in upper management.Comenzó lavando platos hace 20 años, y ahora trabaja en la gerencia superior.
b. alto
The committee sent the bill to the upper chamber for a vote.El comité envió la propuesta de ley a la cámara alta para su votación.
3. (upstream)
a. alto
The upper Nile flows through South Sudan.El alto Nilo fluye a través de Sudán del Sur.
4. (northern)
a. del norte
The upper peninsula of Michigan is separated from the rest of the state by Lake Michigan.La península del norte de Michigan está separada del resto del estado por el lago Michigan.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(drug)
a. la anfeta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
Taylor overdosed on uppers and almost died.Taylor tomó una sobredosis de anfetas y casi se muere.
6. (footwear)
a. el empeine
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The uppers on my shoes are still in good condition, even thought the soles have worn out.Los empeines de mis zapatos todavía están en buenas condiciones, a pesar de que las suelas se han desgastado.
uppers
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
7. (teeth)
a. la dentadura superior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You are going to need braces on your uppers, but the lowers are fine.Vas a necesitar frenos en la dentadura superior, pero la dentadura inferior está bien.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS