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Quick answer
"Both" is a pronoun which is often translated as "ambos", and "all" is an adjective which is often translated as "todo". Learn more about the difference between "both" and "all" below.
both(
both
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (the one and the other)
a. ambos (masculine)
My best friends are from Chile. Both live in Santiago.Mis mejores amigos son de Chile. Ambos viven en Santiago.
b. ambas (feminine)
How did your daughters do on the test? - Both got good grades.¿Cómo le fue a tus hijas en el examen? - Ambas sacaron buenas notas.
c. los dos (masculine)
Which dress should I buy? Both fit me really well.¿Cuál vestido debería comprar? Los dos me quedan muy bien.
d. las dos (feminine)
Which house are you going to buy? Both are in very good neighborhoods.¿Cuál de las casas vas a comprar? Las dos están en vecindarios muy buenos.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (the one and the other)
a. ambos
Should we visit Barcelona, or Paris? Both cities are beautiful.¿Deberíamos visitar Barcelona, o París? Ambas ciudades son bellas.
b. los dos
Both hotels offered the same services.Los dos hoteles ofrecían los mismos servicios.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (equally; used with "and")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Both my sister and my friend live abroad.Tanto mi hermana como mi amiga viven en el extranjero.
I love both my mother and father.Quiero a mi madre y a mi padre por igual.
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all(
al
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (the total amount of)
a. todo
I dumped out all the water in the kiddie pool.Tiré toda el agua de la piscinita.
2. (each and every one of)
a. todos
All my friends are here with me.Todos mis amigos están aquí conmigo.
3. (any)
a. alguno
He denied all interest in running the race.Negó tener interés alguno en participar en la carrera.
4. (nothing but)
a. puro
That shirt is all silk.Esa camisa es de pura seda.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
5. (the total amount)
a. todo (masculine)
There isn't any glue left. Did you use it all?No queda pegamento. ¿Lo usaste todo?
b. toda (feminine)
And the soup? - Sorry, I ate it all.¿Y la sopa? - Lo siento, me la comí toda.
6. (each and every one)
a. todos (masculine)
There was graffiti saying, "Liberty and justice for all."Había una pintada que decía: "Libertad y justicia para todos".
b. todas (feminine)
Don't worry, ladies, there's plenty for all. No need to push.No se preocupen, señoras, hay suficiente para todas. No hace falta empujar.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I proved that all of you were lying.He probado que todos estaban mintiendo.
The child picked up all of his toys from the floor.El niño recogió todos sus juguetes del suelo.
7. (the only thing)
a. lo único que
All I want is peace and quiet.Lo único que quiero es paz y tranquilidad.
b. todo lo que
All you have to do is put the pizza in the oven and eat it.Todo lo que tienes que hacer es meter la pizza en el horno y comértela.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (entirely)
a. todo
The floor is all clean now.Ahora el suelo está todo limpio.
b. por completo
Are you all finished?¿Ya terminaste por completo?
9. (sport)
a. empatado
The match finished three-all after 90 minutes.El partido acabó empatados a tres tras 90 minutos.
b. iguales (tennis)
The score was 15-all.El marcador era 15 iguales.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
10. (effort)
a. el todo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He gave his all for the cause.Le dio el todo a la causa.
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