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Quick answer
"Bleed" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "sangrar", and "spill" is a noun which is often translated as "el derrame". Learn more about the difference between "bleed" and "spill" below.
bleed(
blid
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to lose blood)
a. sangrar
I cut my finger when I was cooking, and it won't stop bleeding.Me corté el dedo cocinando y no para de sangrar.
b. salir sangre
His nose is still bleeding.Le sigue saliendo sangre de la nariz.
c. terner una hemorragia
The doctor told her her liver is bleeding.El doctor le dijo que tiene una hemorragia en el hígado.
2. (to ooze)
a. exudar savia (tree)
I broke a branch and the tree started bleeding.El árbol comenzó a exudar savia cuando le quebré una rama.
b. exudar resina (tree)
We'll make now an incision on the bark of the pine for it to bleed.A continuación, practicamos una incisión en la corteza del pino para que exude la resina.
3. (to run)
a. correrse (color or text)
There was a red t-shirt in the washer, and red bled into the white clothes.Había una remera roja en la lavadora y el rojo se corrió a la ropa blanca.
4. (to feel compassion)
a. partirse (one's soul or heart)
My soul started bleeding for little Hannah when I heard her story.Se me partió el alma cuando escuché la historia de la pequeña Hannah.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (medicine)
a. sangrar
Patients were bled with leeches as a curative method not so long ago.No hace mucho, a los enfermos se les sangraba con sanguijuelas como método curativo.
6. (to draw liquid from)
a. purgar (radiator or brakes)
We always bleed the radiators at the beginning of winter.Siempre purgamos los radiadores cuando comienza el invierno.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to drain of money)
a. sangrar
The government is bleeding us with all these taxes.El gobierno nos está sangrando con todos estos impuestos.
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spill
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (instance of spilling)
a. el derrame
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Be careful because there was a cooking oil spill here.Ten cuidado porque hubo un derrame de aceite de cocina aquí.
2. (fall)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Billy took a nasty spill on his bike and skinned his knees.Billy tuvo una caída fea en su bicicleta y se descascaró las rodillas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to cause to flow over)
a. derramar
If you're not careful you're going to spill the water everywhere.Si no tienes cuidado vas a derramar el agua por todos lados.
b. verter
Ricky spilled the salt on the table.Ricky vertió la sal sobre la mesa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to fall or flow over)
a. derramarse
The wine spilled all over the table.El vino se derramó sobre toda la mesa.
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