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Quick answer
"Black out" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "suprimir", and "pass out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "desmayarse". Learn more about the difference between "black out" and "pass out" below.
black out(
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to eliminate)
a. suprimir
The editor blacked out a few sentences that seemed superfluous.La editora suprimió unas oraciones que le parecieron superfluas.
b. borrar
The director decided to black out a few parts of the script.El director decidió borrar algunas partes del guión.
2. (to deprive of electricity)
a. dejar a oscuras
The windstorm blacked out half the city.La tormenta de viento dejó la mitad de la ciudad a oscuras.
b. apagar las luces
The first move will be to attack the power station in order to black out their base.El primer paso será atacar la central eléctrica para apagar las luces de su base.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to lose consciousness)
a. desmayarse
I'm just glad I wasn't driving when I blacked out.Solo me alegro de que no haber estado manejando cuando me desmayé.
b. perder el conocimiento
Rodolfo hit his head and blacked out for a moment.Rodolfo se golpeó la cabeza y perdió el conocimiento por un momento.
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pass out(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to faint)
a. desmayarse
Daniel passed out due to his epilepsy.Daniel se desmayó por su epilepsia.
b. perder el conocimiento
Stephen passed out after his seventh shot of tequila.Stephen perdió el conocimiento después del séptimo tequila.
2. (military) (United Kingdom)
a. graduarse
Over a hundred cadets passed out from the military academy this year.Más de cien cadetes se graduaron en la academia militar este año.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to distribute)
a. repartir
The teacher passed out paper to his students for the dictation.El maestro repartió papel entre los estudiantes para el dictado.
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