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Quick answer
"Big" is an adjective which is often translated as "grande", and "small" is an adjective which is often translated as "pequeño". Learn more about the difference between "big" and "small" below.
big(
bihg
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (large)
a. grande
We'll need a bigger house when the baby is born.Necesitaremos una casa más grande cuando nazca el bebé.
b. gran
Maggie loves to sit under a big tree and read a novel.A Maggie le encanta sentarse debajo de un gran árbol y leer una novela.
2. (meaningful)
a. grande
He made a series of big mistakes that resulted in the destruction of the forest.Cometió una serie de grandes errores que resultaron en la destrucción del bosque.
b. gran
The fact that she hasn't kept her word presents us with a big problem.El hecho de que no ha honrado su palabra nos presenta con un gran problema.
c. grave
There was a big accident on the highway this morning.Hubo un grave accidente en la carretera esta mañana.
3. (important)
a. gran
We have visitors from a big European company who will be touring our factory today.Tenemos visitantes de una gran empresa europea que recorrerán nuestra fábrica hoy.
b. importante
Our biggest client is the publishing company.Nuestro cliente más importante es la editorial.
c. conocido
I bought it from a big company online.Lo compré de una empresa conocida en línea.
d. grande
He got the chance to play in the big leagues for the first time when he was 19.Tuvo la oportunidad de jugar en las grandes ligas por primera vez cuando tenía 19 años.
4. (in age)
a. grande
When I'm big, I want to be a fireman.Cuando sea grande, quiero ser bombero.
b. mayor
My big sister is coming home for Christmas.Mi hermana mayor viene a casa para la Navidad.
5. (generous)
a. generoso
It was very big of her to pay for a vacation for all her brothers and sisters.Fue muy generoso de su parte pagarles unas vacaciones a todos sus hermanos.
6. (stingy)
a. generoso (ironic)
It's very big of you to offer to pay the five cent entry fee, but I think I can cover it!Es muy generoso de tu parte ofrecer pagar la entrada de cinco centavos pero creo que me arreglo para pagarla yo.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(as intensifier)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't be such a big idiot!¡Pero no puedes ser semejante pedazo de idiota!
Your brother is just a big bully!¡Qué tan bravucón es tu hermano!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (ambitiously)
a. a lo grande
In order to achieve great results, you need to think big.Para generar grandes resultados, debes pensar a lo grande.
9. (boastfully)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He always acts big in front of people, but then he's a poor bastard when he's at home.Siempre se da importancia frente a la gente, pero después en su casa es un pobre tipo.
Ricardo gets on my nerves. He talks big, but never gets anything done.Ricardo me crispa. Fanfarronea, pero nunca logra nada.
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small(
smal
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (small in size)
a. pequeño
I have lived in a very small house for many years.He vivido en una casa muy pequeña por muchos años.
b. chico
He's eight, but he looks small for his age.Tiene ocho años, pero se ve chico para su edad.
c. chiquito (colloquial)
My feet are so small, it's hard for me to find shoes.Tengo los pies tan chiquitos que se me hace difícil encontrar zapatos.
2. (small in amount)
a. poco
It is a really small quantity for all of us.Realmente es muy poca cantidad para todos nosotros.
b. pequeño
We've had a small bump in sales.Hemos tenido un pequeño aumento en las ventas.
c. reducido
These amounts are so small; we've got to come up with a better business plan.Estas cantidades son muy reducidas; hay que pensar en un mejor plan de negocios.
3. (humble)
a. pequeño
It's just a small gesture to show my appreciation.Es solo un pequeño gesto para mostrar mi aprecio.
b. de poca importancia
It's a small contribution. - Yes, but it counts.Es una aportación de poca importancia. - Sí, pero cuenta.
4. (young)
a. pequeño
When we were small, my brother and I went to the beach every summer.Cuando éramos pequeños, mi hermano y yo íbamos a la playa todos los veranos.
5. (small in scale)
a. pequeño
We have a small family business.Tenemos una pequeña empresa familiar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (handwriting)
a. chiquito
You write so small; let me go get my glasses.Escribes bien chiquito; dejame ir por mis anteojos.
7. (scale)
a. a pequeña escala
You'll never be successful if you keep thinking so small.Nunca tendrás éxito si sigues pensando a pequeña escala.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (clothing size)
a. la talla chica
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you have this shirt in a small?¿Tienes esta camisa en talla chica?
smalls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. la ropa interior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can't go outside in your smalls.No puedes salir afuera en tu ropa interior.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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