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Quick answer
"Big" is an adjective which is often translated as "grande", and "grand" is an adjective which is often translated as "grandioso". Learn more about the difference between "big" and "grand" below.
big(
bihg
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (large)
a. grande
We'll need a bigger house when the baby is born.Necesitaremos una casa más grande cuando nazca el bebé.
b. gran
Maggie loves to sit under a big tree and read a novel.A Maggie le encanta sentarse debajo de un gran árbol y leer una novela.
2. (meaningful)
a. grande
He made a series of big mistakes that resulted in the destruction of the forest.Cometió una serie de grandes errores que resultaron en la destrucción del bosque.
b. gran
The fact that she hasn't kept her word presents us with a big problem.El hecho de que no ha honrado su palabra nos presenta con un gran problema.
c. grave
There was a big accident on the highway this morning.Hubo un grave accidente en la carretera esta mañana.
3. (important)
a. gran
We have visitors from a big European company who will be touring our factory today.Tenemos visitantes de una gran empresa europea que recorrerán nuestra fábrica hoy.
b. importante
Our biggest client is the publishing company.Nuestro cliente más importante es la editorial.
c. conocido
I bought it from a big company online.Lo compré de una empresa conocida en línea.
d. grande
He got the chance to play in the big leagues for the first time when he was 19.Tuvo la oportunidad de jugar en las grandes ligas por primera vez cuando tenía 19 años.
4. (in age)
a. grande
When I'm big, I want to be a fireman.Cuando sea grande, quiero ser bombero.
b. mayor
My big sister is coming home for Christmas.Mi hermana mayor viene a casa para la Navidad.
5. (generous)
a. generoso
It was very big of her to pay for a vacation for all her brothers and sisters.Fue muy generoso de su parte pagarles unas vacaciones a todos sus hermanos.
6. (stingy)
a. generoso (ironic)
It's very big of you to offer to pay the five cent entry fee, but I think I can cover it!Es muy generoso de tu parte ofrecer pagar la entrada de cinco centavos pero creo que me arreglo para pagarla yo.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(as intensifier)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't be such a big idiot!¡Pero no puedes ser semejante pedazo de idiota!
Your brother is just a big bully!¡Qué tan bravucón es tu hermano!
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (ambitiously)
a. a lo grande
In order to achieve great results, you need to think big.Para generar grandes resultados, debes pensar a lo grande.
9. (boastfully)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He always acts big in front of people, but then he's a poor bastard when he's at home.Siempre se da importancia frente a la gente, pero después en su casa es un pobre tipo.
Ricardo gets on my nerves. He talks big, but never gets anything done.Ricardo me crispa. Fanfarronea, pero nunca logra nada.
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grand(
grahnd
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (impressive)
a. grandioso
My aunt's house has a grand garden with flowers and statues.La casa de mi tía tiene un grandioso jardín de flores y estatuas.
b. gran
This grand building is one of the highlights of the city.Este gran edificio es una de las cosas más destacadas de la ciudad.
c. imponente
If you enjoy grand architecture and great food, you must visit Rome.Si disfrutas de la arquitectura imponente y excelente comida, debes visitar Roma.
2. (ambitious)
a. gran (before a singular noun)
Beto's grand plan required the participation of certain key people in the government.El gran plan de Beto requería la participación de ciertas personas clave del gobierno.
b. grande
He has dedicated his life to fighting for grand ideals.Ha dedicado su vida a luchar por grandes ideales.
c. ambicioso
Her grand scheme ended up bilking taxpayers for millions.Su maquinación ambiciosa terminó por estafar a los contribuyentes millones.
3. (wonderful)
a. fabuloso
We always remember the grand adventures we had overseas.Siempre recordamos las fabulosas aventuras que vivimos fuera del país.
b. estupendo
The weather at the beach has been grand this week.El clima en la playa ha estado estupendo esta semana.
4. (in names)
a. gran
They stayed at the Grand Hotel in Michigan.Se hospedaron en el Gran Hotel en Michigan.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(amount of money)
a. mil dólares
He spent a grand on the new computer.Se gastó 1,000 dólares en la nueva computadora.
b. mil libras
A grand for a mobile? That's too much money!¿Mil libras por un celular? ¡Es mucho dinero!
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(musical instrument)
a. el piano de cola
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The pianist says he prefers playing a grand.El pianista dice que prefiere tocar en un piano de cola.
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