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Quick answer
"Besides" is a preposition which is often translated as "además de", and "be close to" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "estar cerca de". Learn more about the difference between "besides" and "be close to" below.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (apart from)
a. además de
Besides beer, we don't have anything else to drink.Además de cerveza, no tenemos más nada para beber.
b. aparte de
That dog can't do anything besides that one trick.Ese perro no puede hacer nada, aparte de ese único truco.
2. (in addition to)
a. además de
Besides the toiletries, I have to buy a new bathing suit for the trip.Además de los artículos de tocador, tengo que comprar un nuevo traje de baño para el viaje.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (in addition)
a. además
I should stay home and do work. Besides, it's cold outside.Debería quedarme en casa y hacer trabajo. Además, hace frío afuera.
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be close to(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to be physically near)
a. estar cerca de
My house is close to the soccer stadium.Mi casa está cerca del estadio de fútbol.
2. (to have an intimate relationship)
a. ser íntimo de
I'm close to Hannah, but I don't know what she does at work.Soy íntimo de Hannah, pero no sé en qué trabaja.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I am close to some of my coworkers.Unos de mis colegas y yo somos amigos cercanos.
We played a lot as children, but I'm not close to him anymore.Jugábamos mucho de niños, pero ya no tengo mucha relación con él.
3. (to approach in time)
a. estar a punto de
The news channels are close to announcing the winner of the election.Los canales de noticias están a punto de anunciar el ganador de la elección.
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