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Quick answer
"Below" is a preposition which is often translated as "debajo de", and "beneath" is a preposition which is also often translated as "debajo de". Learn more about the difference between "below" and "beneath" below.
below(
buh
-
lo
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (under)
a. debajo de
Write your name below this line.Escribe tu nombre debajo de esta línea.
b. abajo de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
There was a crack in the wall below the windowsill.Había una grieta en la pared abajo de la repisa de la ventana.
c. bajo
The majority of an iceberg is below the surface.La mayor parte de un iceberg está bajo la superficie.
2. (less than)
a. por debajo de
The price should be below $10,000.El precio debería estar por debajo de los 10,000 dólares.
3. (in rank or importance)
a. por debajo de
There is a meeting for all officers below captain.Hay una reunión para todos los oficiales por debajo del grado de capitán.
4. (downstream of)
a. más abajo de
The restaurant is 100 meters below the bridge.El restaurante está 100 metros más abajo del puente.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (underneath)
a. abajo
The cars below looked tiny.Los autos abajo se veían minúsculos.
6. (with numbers)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It was 30 degrees below.Hacía 30 grados bajo cero.
The competition is for children aged 12 or below.El concurso es para niños de 12 años para abajo.
7. (in documents)
a. más abajo
See the table below.Véase la tabla más abajo.
8. (nautical)
a. abajo
The prisoners were kept below.Los presos se guardaban abajo.
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beneath(
buh
-
nith
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (below)
a. debajo de
The paper you're looking for is beneath your book.El papel que buscas está debajo de tu libro.
b. bajo
After the storm, 70% of the town was beneath a meter or more of water.Tras la tormenta, el 70% del pueblo quedó bajo un metro o más agua.
2. (socially lower than)
a. por debajo de
He has no respect for those he considers to be beneath him.No tiene ningún respeto por quienes considera que están por debajo de él.
3. (unworthy of)
a. indigno de
Carlos pretended to be his friend, but secretly believed Juan was beneath him.Carlos fingía ser su amigo, pero en secreto creía que Juan era indigno de él.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (underneath)
a. debajo
She jolted awake when she heard a strange noise coming from beneath.Se despertó de un salto cuando oyó un ruido extraño que venía de debajo.
b. abajo
The surface looked calm, but there lay many dangers beneath.La superficie se veía calma, pero había muchos peligros abajo.
c. de abajo
I was surprised by a bird that flew out from beneath the car.Me sorprendí por un pájaro que salió volando de abajo del coche.
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