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Quick answer
"Belong" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "ser de", and "pertain" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "concernir a". Learn more about the difference between "belong" and "pertain" below.
belong(
bi
-
lang
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be the property of; used with "to")
a. ser de
This sweater belongs to my brother.Este jersey es de mi hermano.
b. pertenecer a
These books belong to the library.Estos libros pertenecen a la biblioteca.
2. (to be affiliated to)
a. pertenecer a
It's not compulsory to belong to this association in order to become a politician.No es obligatorio pertenecer a esta asociación para llegar a ser político.
b. ser miembro de
My uncle belongs to the sailing club.Mi tío es miembro del club de vela.
3. (to be a part of something)
a. ser de
This pin belongs to my earring; I had lost it.Esta barrita es de mi pendiente; se me había perdido.
b. pertenece a
This button belongs to the pirate costume.Este botón le pertenece al disfraz de pirata.
4. (to be in the proper place)
a. ir
The cutting board for the fish belongs in the right cabinet.La tabla de cortar pescado va en el armario de la derecha.
5. (to fit in)
a. encajar
It's the first time that I feel that I belong in a group.Por primera vez siento que encajo en un grupo.
6. (to be properly classified)
a. ir
The basket belongs to the desk.La papelera va con el escritorio.
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pertain
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be related to; used with "to")
a. concernir a
One of my colleagues always brings up topics that don't pertain to the purpose of the meeting.Uno de mis colegas siempre saca temas que no conciernen al propósito de la reunión.
b. estar relacionado con
This new training pertains to issues of preventive health.Este nuevo entrenamiento está relacionado con temas de salud preventiva.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to be part of; used with "to")
a. pertenecer a
All beneficiaries of the amnesty must pertain to previously approved groups.Todos los beneficiarios de la amnistía deben pertenecer a grupos previamente aprobados.
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