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Quick answer
"Begin" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "empezar", and "end" is a noun which is often translated as "el fin". Learn more about the difference between "begin" and "end" below.
begin(
bi
-
gihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to start)
a. empezar
We began the exam at noon.Empezamos el examen a mediodía.
b. comenzar
I like to begin the day with a cup of hot coffee.Me gusta comenzar el día con una taza de café caliente.
c. iniciar
Next week, we begin a new phase for our company.La semana que viene iniciaremos una nueva etapa en nuestra empresa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to start)
a. empezar
Let me begin by thanking you for being here this afternoon.Déjenme empezar por agradecerles que estén aquí esta tarde.
b. comenzar
We were waiting at the bus stop when the storm started.Estábamos esperando en la parada de autobús cuando comenzó la tormenta.
c. iniciarse
The new healthcare program begins January 1st.Se iniciará el nuevo programa sanitario el primero de enero.
3. (to originate)
a. originarse
The tradition of the American boarding school began in England.La tradición del internado estadounidense se originó en Inglaterra.
b. nacer (river)
The Amazon River begins in Peru.El río Amazonas nace en Perú.
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end(
ehnd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (conclusion)
a. el fin
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The end of the summer is approaching.Se acerca el fin del verano.
b. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I didn't like the end of the movie.No me gustó el final de la película.
2. (extremity)
a. el extremo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Each end of the rope was tied to a tree on either side of the ravine.Cada extremo de la cuerda estaba atado a un árbol a ambos lados del precipicio.
b. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The coffee shop is at the end of the street on the right.El café está al final de la calle a la derecha.
c. la punta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My sister lives at the other end of the city.Mi hermana vive en la otra punta de la ciudad.
d. el cabo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We ran from one end of the field to the other.Corrimos de un cabo del campo al otro.
3. (limit)
a. el límite
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is an end to my patience.Mi paciencia tiene un límite.
4. (death)
a. el fin
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My end is approaching.Mi fin se acerca.
5. (remaining part)
a. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He ate everything except the end of the loaf.Se comió todo excepto el final de la barra.
6. (area)
a. la zona
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The town is located at the northern end of the country.El pueblo está situado en la zona norte del país.
7. (side)
a. el aspecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's the one who handles the legal end of the firms' affairs.Él es quien lleva el aspecto legal de los asuntos de la empresa.
b. la parte
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Is there a problem at your end?¿Hay algún problema por su parte?
8. (purpose)
a. el fin
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The end is to achieve the funding needed.El fin es conseguir los fondos necesarios.
b. el propósito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
To this end we are developing a new methodology.Con este propósito estamos desarrollando una nueva metodología.
9. (outcome)
a. el fin
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They seem to firmly believe that the end justifies the means.Parecen creer firmemente que el fin justifica los medios.
10. (sports)
a. el lado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How often do the players change ends on the court?¿Con cuanta frecuencia cambian los jugadores de lado en la pista?
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
11. (to finish)
a. terminar
I don't know how to end this relationship.No sé cómo terminar esta relación.
b. acabar
We will end the project soon.Acabaremos el proyecto pronto.
c. concluir
He ended his speech with an appeal to peace.Concluyó su discurso con un llamamiento a la paz.
12. (to eradicate)
a. acabar con
The measures were designed to end land speculation.Las medidas iban dirigidas a acabar con la especulación del suelo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
13. (to finish)
a. terminar
The enrollment period ends on September 18th.El plazo de matrícula termina el 18 de septiembre.
b. acabar
It's clear to me that the story is going to end badly.Yo tengo claro que esta historia va a acabar mal.
c. concluir
The construction work will end this summer.Las obras de construcción concluirán este verano.
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