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Quick answer
"Beg" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "suplicar", and "borrow" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "pedir prestado". Learn more about the difference between "beg" and "borrow" below.
beg(
behg
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to plead)
a. suplicar
I beg you to give me one more chance.Te suplico que me des una oportunidad más.
I'm begging you, don't tell my mom I failed the test.No le digas a mi mamá que reprobé el examen, te lo suplico.
b. mendigar
The beggar was on the street begging people for food.El mendigo estaba en la calle mendigando comida a la gente.
c. rogar
He begged her for one of her french fries.Le rogó una de sus papas fritas.
d. implorar
The prisoners begged the soldiers for mercy.Los prisioneros imploraron clemencia a los soldados.
e. pedir
I begged her to help me with my homework.Le pedí que me ayudara con mi tarea.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to plead)
a. suplicar
Mom will never give back your video games if you keep begging like that.Mamá nunca devolverá tus videojuegos si sigues suplicando así.
b. pedir limosna
The homeless man was on his knees begging.El hombre sin hogar estaba de rodillas pidiendo limosna.
c. implorar
It was horrible to see someone beg for mercy like that.Fue algo horrendo ver a alguien implorar clemencia así.
d. pedir
She was begging for help, but people ignored her.Pedía ayuda, pero la gente la ignoraba.
e. mendigar
I have no other options; please don't make me beg.No tengo otras opciones; no me hagas mendigar por favor.
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borrow(
ba
-
ro
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to use temporarily)
a. pedir prestado
You can always borrow your father's car.Siempre le puedes pedir prestado el coche a tu padre.
b. prestar
Could I borrow your vacuum cleaner for a couple of hours? Mine is broken.¿Me prestas la aspiradora un par de horas? La mía está estropeada.
c. dejar
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
May I borrow your yellow sweater? I promise it's the last time.¿Me dejas tu jersey amarillo? Te prometo que es la última vez.
2. (to take from the library)
a. sacar prestado
I borrowed four books from the library but have only had time to read two.Saqué cuatro libros prestados de la biblioteca pero solo he tenido tiempo de leer dos.
3. (to incorporate into a language)
a. tomar prestado
Spanish borrowed quite a few words from Arabic.El español tomó prestadas unas cuantas palabras del árabe.
4. (to use as one's own)
a. apropiarse de
Of course it wasn't his idea, he rather borrowed it from someone else.Por supuesto, no fue idea suya, sino que se apropió de la de otro.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to take out a loan)
a. pedir un préstamo
We are going to borrow in order to buy a house.Vamos a pedir un préstamo para comprar una casa.
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