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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "sooner" is an adverb which is also often translated as "antes". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "sooner" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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sooner
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (earlier)
a. antes
The directors made a decision sooner than I'd expected.Los directores tomaron una decisión antes de lo que había esperado.
b. más temprano
Sofia started walking sooner than her brother.Sofía empezó a caminar más temprano que su hermano.
2. (within a shorter time)
a. más rápido
The Chinese food is cheaper, but the pizza will get here sooner. Which one do you want?La comida china es más barata, pero la pizza llegará más rápido. ¿Cuál quieren?
b. más pronto
If you don't go to college, you'll start earning money sooner, but you won't earn as much.Si no vas a la universidad, puedes ganar dinero más pronto, pero no ganarás tanto.
3. (preferably)
a. antes
I'd sooner stay hungry than eat this.Antes sigo con hambre que comer esto.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't waste your time. Clara would sooner die than go out with you.No desperdicies tu tiempo. Clara prefería morirse que salir contigo.
I'd sooner move to another country than live with him.Sería preferible mudarme a otro país que vivir con él.
Sooner
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
4. (general)
a. el Tempranero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The original Oklahoma Sooners were the first pioneers to arrive in the territory in the 19th century.Los Tempraneros de Oklahoma originales fueron los primeros pioneros en llegar al territorio el el siglo XIX.
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