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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "since" is a preposition which is often translated as "desde". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "since" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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since(
sihns
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (from a point in the past to the present)
a. desde
I have been working for this company since 2010.Llevo trabajando en esta empresa desde 2010.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
2. (reason)
a. ya que
Since I'm the only one watching TV, pass me the remote.Ya que soy la única que está viendo tele, pásame el control remoto.
b. como
Since you don't like pizza, can I have your portion?Como no te gusta la pizza, ¿puedo tomarme tu porción?
c. puesto que (formal)
We didn't visit her since it was very late.No la visitamos puesto que era muy tarde.
3. (time)
a. desde que
I haven't seen them since they moved.No los he visto desde que se mudaron.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (after that)
a. desde entonces
I met her for dinner, but I haven't seen her since.Cené con ella, pero no la he visto desde entonces.
5. (long ago)
a. hace mucho
He long since stopped talking to her.Hace mucho que dejó de hablarle.
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