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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "now" is an adverb which is often translated as "ahora". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "now" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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now(
nau
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (at this moment)
a. ahora
The time for action is now.Ahora es el momento de actuar.
2. (nowadays)
a. actualmente
Now things are done much differently.Actualmente las cosas se hacen de manera muy diferente.
b. hoy en día
The world is so connected now.El mundo está muy conectado hoy en día.
3. (immediately)
a. ya
The movie is beginning now.La película ya está empezando.
4. (introducing a statement)
a. bueno
Now, it's time for you to go to bed.Bueno, ya es hora de que te acuestes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (current)
a. actual
The now leader agreed that it was a very serious concern.El líder actual coincidió en que era un asunto muy grave.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
6. (since; with "that")
a. ahora que
Now that you have it, what are you going to do about it?Ahora que lo tienes, ¿qué vas a hacer al respecto?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (the present time)
a. el ahora
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Until now I'd never given it much thought.Hast ahora realmente no lo había considerado.
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