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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "early" is an adverb which is often translated as "temprano". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "early" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (before expected time)
a. temprano
If you get there early, grab us a table.Si llegas temprano, consíguenos una mesa.
b. pronto
You left too early and missed the cutting of the cake.Se fueron demasiado pronto y no vieron cuando cortamos la torta.
2. (towards the beginning)
a. a principios
We met him early in the week.Nos lo encontramos a principios de semana.
b. a primera hora (time of day)
I want the report by early tomorrow morning.Quiero el informe a primera hora mañana por la mañana.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (before expected time)
a. temprano
I can't believe you're early for once.No puedo creer que finalmente llegues temprano.
4. (soon)
a. pronto
It is too early to know if the surgery was successful.Es demasiado pronto para saber si la cirugía fue exitosa.
5. (towards the beginning)
a. temprano
We keep early hours even on the weekends.Nos acostamos y levantamos temprano, incluso los fines de semana.
b. a principios (of a period)
She became a famous writer in her early forties.Se convirtió en una escritora famosa a principios de sus cuarenta años.
6. (first)
a. primer
Her early paintings are the best.Sus primeros cuadros son los mejores.
7. (before usual time)
a. prematuro
His early death was a blow to us all.Su muerte prematura fue un duro golpe para todos nosotros.
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