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Quick answer
"Before" is an adverb which is often translated as "antes", and "beforehand" is an adverb which is often translated as "de antemano". Learn more about the difference between "before" and "beforehand" below.
before(
bi
-
fawr
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (previously)
a. antes
We've met before; you don't have to introduce him to me.Ya nos conocemos; no me lo tienes que presentar.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (preceding in time)
a. antes de
Always wash your hands before dinner.Siempre debes lavarte las manos antes de cenar.
3. (in front of)
a. ante
I had never performed before such a large crowd.Nunca había actuado ante una multitud tan grande.
b. delante de
They were married before a small gathering of friends and family.Se casaron delante de un pequeño grupo de amigos y familia.
4. (in importance)
a. antes que
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is in love with language.Un poeta es, antes que nada, una persona enamorada de los idiomas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
5. (used to indicate time)
a. antes de que
Finish your homework before mom gets home.Acaba tus deberes antes de que mamá llegue a casa.
6. (used to indicate preference)
a. antes que
I will die on my feet before living on my knees.Moriré de pie antes que vivir de rodillas.
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beforehand(
bih
-
fawr
-
hahnd
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in advance)
a. de antemano
I know that you're excited about executing the project, but we have to do some planning beforehand.Sé que estás entusiasmado por llevar el proyecto a cabo, pero hay que planificar un poco de antemano.
b. con antelación
Look both ways beforehand when you cross the street.Mira a ambos lados con antelación cuando cruzas la calle.
c. con anticipación
My friends accused me of cheating on the test, saying that I knew the answers beforehand.Mis amigos me acusaron de hacer trampas en el examen, diciendo que sabía las respuestas con anticipación.
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