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Quick answer
"Become" is a copular verb which is often translated as "convertirse en", and "turn into" is a transitive verb phrase which is also often translated as "convertirse en". Learn more about the difference between "become" and "turn into" below.
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (to come to be)
a. convertirse en
He became the most influential director on the board.Se convirtió en el director más influyente de la junta.
b. volverse
He became distant and didn't contact her for nearly a week.Se volvió distante y no la contactó durante casi una semana.
c. hacerse
After many years of study, he finally became a lawyer.Después de muchos años de estudio, finalmente se hizo abogado.
d. llegar a ser
There's a chance he could become the country's next prime minister.Es posible que llegue a ser el próximo primer ministro del país.
2. (to enter into a physical or emotional state)
a. ponerse
She became sad upon hearing the tragic news.Se puso triste al escuchar las trágicas noticias.
3. (to transform into)
a. convertirse en
That little striped caterpillar will become a magnificent monarch butterfly.Esa oruga rayada se convertirá en una maravillosa mariposa monarca.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to suit)
a. favorecer
That tone of blue really becomes you.Ese tono de azul te favorece mucho.
b. quedar bien
That haircut doesn't become her.Ese corte de pelo no le queda bien.
c. sentar bien
Living at the beach becomes you.Te sienta bien vivir en la playa.
5. (to be appropriate of)
a. ser propio de
That way of speaking does not become a teacher.Esa manera de hablar no es propio de un maestro.
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turn into(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to transform into)
a. convertirse en
My little brother has grown so much he's turned into a real giant.Mi hermanito ha crecido tanto que se ha convertido en un verdadero gigante.
b. transformarse en
I can't believe this little seed will turn into a sequoia.No puedo creer que esta semillita se va a transformar en secoya.
2. (to drive or walk into)
a. dar vuelta en
Turn into the next street; my house is the one at the end.Da vuelta en la siguiente calle; mi casa está al fondo.
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