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Quick answer
"Become" is a copular verb which is often translated as "convertirse en", and "fall" is a noun which is often translated as "el otoño". Learn more about the difference between "become" and "fall" below.
become(
bi
-
kuhm
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (to come to be)
a. convertirse en
He became the most influential director on the board.Se convirtió en el director más influyente de la junta.
b. volverse
He became distant and didn't contact her for nearly a week.Se volvió distante y no la contactó durante casi una semana.
c. hacerse
After many years of study, he finally became a lawyer.Después de muchos años de estudio, finalmente se hizo abogado.
d. llegar a ser
There's a chance he could become the country's next prime minister.Es posible que llegue a ser el próximo primer ministro del país.
2. (to enter into a physical or emotional state)
a. ponerse
She became sad upon hearing the tragic news.Se puso triste al escuchar las trágicas noticias.
3. (to transform into)
a. convertirse en
That little striped caterpillar will become a magnificent monarch butterfly.Esa oruga rayada se convertirá en una maravillosa mariposa monarca.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to suit)
a. favorecer
That tone of blue really becomes you.Ese tono de azul te favorece mucho.
b. quedar bien
That haircut doesn't become her.Ese corte de pelo no le queda bien.
c. sentar bien
Living at the beach becomes you.Te sienta bien vivir en la playa.
5. (to be appropriate of)
a. ser propio de
That way of speaking does not become a teacher.Esa manera de hablar no es propio de un maestro.
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fall(
fal
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el otoño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Fall is my favorite season of the year.El otoño es mi estación favorita del año.
2. (accident)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had a bad fall and broke his leg.Tuvo una mala caída y se rompió la pierna.
3. (decline or defeat)
a. la baja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of gas prices is good news for drivers.La baja de la gasolina es una buena noticia para los conductores.
b. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of the Aztecs is attributed to the arrival of Hernán Cortés.Se atribuye la caída del imperio azteca a la llegada de Hernán Cortés.
4. (act of falling)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She watched the fall of the leaves.Vio la caída de las hojas.
5. (distance)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a long fall from the top of the mountain to the valley below.Es una caída larga de la cima de la montaña hasta el valle abajo.
6. (slope)
a. el desnivel
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She could easily see a fall in the field from atop the hill.Pudo ver fácilmente el desnivel del campo desde la cima del monte.
b. el declive
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The overflowing river soon caused a fall in the terrain.El río desbordado pronto causó un declive en el terreno.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to decrease)
a. caer
The temperature fell below zero.Las temperaturas cayeron bajo cero.
8. (to be defeated)
a. caer
The harbor has fallen to the enemy army.El puerto ha caído en manos del ejército enemigo.
9. (to die)
a. caer
The soldier fell in battle.El soldado cayó en el campo de batalla.
10. (to move unexpectedly towards the ground)
a. caerse
She slipped and fell on the ice.Se resbaló y se cayó en el hielo.
b. caer
The vase fell to the ground with a loud crash.El jarrón cayó al suelo con gran estrépito.
falls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
11. (waterfall)
a. el salto de agua
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The canoes were getting closer and closer to the falls.Las canoas estaban cada vez más cerca del salto de agua.
b. la caída de agua
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls are 30 meters high.La caída de agua tiene 30 m de altura.
c. la cascada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a wonderful spot, and in that silence you could only hear the sound of the falls.Era un paraje maravilloso, y en aquel silencio solo se escuchaba el sonido de la cascada.
d. la catarata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls made a deafening noise.La catarata hacía un ruido ensordecedor.
e. las cataratas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When we went to Brazil, we visited the Iguazu Falls.Cuando estuvimos en Brasil, visitamos las cataratas del Iguazú.
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