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Quick answer
"Be nice" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "ser amable", and "leave" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "irse de". Learn more about the difference between "be nice" and "leave" below.
be nice(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to treat someone kindly)
a. ser amable
Brothers and sisters should be nice to one another.Los hermanos deben ser amables el uno con el otro.
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
2. (imperative; used to address one person)
a. sé amable
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
Be nice to Jennifer. She's going through a hard time.Sé amable con Jennifer. Está atravesando un mal momento.
3. (imperative; used to address multiple people)
a. sean ambles (plural)
Kids, be nice. If not, it's the last time I take you to the park.Niños, sean amables. Si no, no los vuelvo a traer al parque.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to depart from)
a. irse de
She left the house, slamming the door behind her.Se fue de la casa dando un portazo.
b. marcharse de
He left the party in a huff.Se marchó enojado de la fiesta.
c. salir de
The parents asked the child to leave the room so that they could speak privately.Los padres le pidieron al niño que saliera del cuarto para que pudieran hablar en privado.
d. partir de
The ship left the port at dawn.El navío partió del puerto al amanecer.
2. (to abandon)
a. dejar
He left everything to join the army.Lo dejó todo para unirse al ejército.
b. abandonar
They say she left her husband for a younger man.Dicen que abandonó a su esposo por un hombre más joven.
3. (to put)
a. dejar
I don't know where I left my keys.No sé dónde dejé las llaves.
4. (to allow to remain)
a. dejar
Do you want me to leave the door open, or should I close it?¿Quieres que deje abierta la puerta, o la cierro?
5. (to forget)
a. dejar
I think I left my umbrella in the taxi.Creo que dejé mi paraguas en el taxi.
6. (to bequeath)
a. dejar
My grandfather left me five thousand dollars when he died.Mi abuelo me dejó cinco mil dólares cuando murió.
b. legar
Alicia's grandmother left her an apartment in the city.La abuela de Alicia le legó un apartamento en la ciudad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to depart)
a. salir
My flight leaves from O'Hare airport.Mi vuelo sale del aeropuerto O'Hare.
b. partir
What port did the ship leave from?¿De qué puerto partió el barco?
8. (to go away)
a. irse
He wasn't feeling well at the office, so he left.Él no se sentía bien en la oficina, así que se fue.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
9. (permission to be absent)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I am on leave from September 7th to September 15th.Estoy de permiso desde el 7 hasta el 15 de septiembre.
10. (permission)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With your leave, I'll take a few soldiers and engage the raiding parties.Con su permiso, tomaré unos cuantos soldados y enfrentaré a los asaltantes.
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